43 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus encodes delay and value information during delay-discounting decision making

    Akira Masuda et al.
    Two distinct subpopulations of CA1 neurons that increased or decreased their firing rate during delay were identified, suggesting that they have distinct roles in the valuation process in the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic dissection of basolateral amygdala contributions to intertemporal choice in young and aged rats

    Caesar M Hernandez et al.
    Optogenetic approaches in young and aged rats define multiple roles for basolateral amygdala in guiding intertemporal choice, and show that these roles change across the lifespan.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Time preferences are reliable across time-horizons and verbal versus experiential tasks

    Evgeniya Lukinova et al.
    People have stable time-preferences regardless of whether they are measured using a non-verbal experiential task, as is typical in animal experiments, or using a more traditional verbal task.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modeling the dynamics of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes in humans during malaria infection

    Pengxing Cao et al.
    A mathematical model of blood-stage infection with Plasmodium falciparum malaria capturing the sexual stage of the parasite life-cycle is validated against human data, providing new insight into human-to-mosquito transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leave-One-Trial-Out, LOTO, a general approach to link single-trial parameters of cognitive models to neural data

    Sebastian Gluth, Nachshon Meiran
    Leave-One-Trial-Out (LOTO) is a general, efficient and easily implementable approach for inferring trial-by-trial measures of computational model parameters in order to link these measures to neural mechanisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fundamental bound on the persistence and capacity of short-term memory stored as graded persistent activity

    Onur Ozan Koyluoglu et al.
    A fundamental lower-bound on memory recall precision, which declines with storage duration and number of stored items, is derived, and human performance is shown to be well-fit by this theoretical bound.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical and functional organization of the human substantia nigra and its connections

    Yu Zhang et al.
    The human substantia nigra can be parcellated into three subdivisions that subserve emotional, cognitive and somatomotor function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic neurons write and update memories with cell-type-specific rules

    Yoshinori Aso, Gerald M Rubin
    Building on previous work (Aso et al., 2014a; Aso et al., 2014b), cell-type-specific drivers and optogenetics are used to control the local release of dopamine and reveal that distinct learning rules are implemented in parallel memory units.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic modulation of the exploration/exploitation trade-off in human decision-making

    Karima Chakroun et al.
    Dopamine attenuates exploration during decision-making via a reduction of neural tracking of uncertainty.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergent evolution of small molecule pheromones in Pristionchus nematodes

    Chuanfu Dong et al.
    Unexpected structural diversity of nematode small molecules, as revealed by high-resolution phylogenetic analysis, suggests recurrent biochemical innovation, a pattern that is probably typical across animals.

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