895 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The need for high-quality oocyte mitochondria at extreme ploidy dictates mammalian germline development

    Marco Colnaghi et al.
    Selective transfer of mitochondria in the Balbiani body ensures high-quality oocyte mitochondria at extreme ploidy, explaining many enigmatic features of female germline architecture including germ cell loss.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Future life expectancy in Europe taking into account the impact of smoking, obesity, and alcohol

    Fanny Janssen et al.
    Accounting for the impact of smoking, obesity, and alcohol on past mortality trends, we project, compared to common practice, longer individual lifespans and more elderly in society for the future.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genomic consequences of hybridization

    Benjamin M Moran et al.
    A synthesis of recent hybridization literature reveals emerging patterns in the evolution of genomes after hybridization, processes proposed to explain those patterns, and important open questions to direct future hybrid genomics research.
  1. Equity, Diversity and Inclusion: Alternative strategies for closing the award gap between white and minority ethnic students

    Louise Cramer
    An analysis of the grades awarded to cell biology students at University College London suggests that exams may contribute more to the award gap than coursework in this subject.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Combination of inflammatory and vascular markers in the febrile phase of dengue is associated with more severe outcomes

    Nguyen Lam Vuong et al.
    Relationships of biomarkers with clinical outcome differed between children and adults and the best combinations associated with moderate/severe dengue comprised of six/seven vascular and immune biomarkers.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Price equation captures the role of drug interactions and collateral effects in the evolution of multidrug resistance

    Erida Gjini, Kevin B Wood
    A simple mathematical model reveals that antibiotic interactions and collateral effects of evolution are inseparable drivers of multidrug resistance linked by the well-known Price equation from evolutionary theory.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Tracking excess mortality across countries during the COVID-19 pandemic with the World Mortality Dataset

    Ariel Karlinsky, Dmitry Kobak
    The World Mortality Dataset and paper is the largest dataset of all-cause mortality currently in existence for tracking mortality and excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of ventromedial prefrontal cortex in reward valuation and future thinking during intertemporal choice

    Elisa Ciaramelli et al.
    During decisions between smaller-immediate rewards and larger rewards available in the future, the ventromedial prefrontal cortex is critical to represent the value of rewards, not the future.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    EPHX1 mutations cause a lipoatrophic diabetes syndrome due to impaired epoxide hydrolysis and increased cellular senescence

    Jeremie Gautheron et al.
    Disruption of epoxide hydrolysis inducing oxidative stress and cellular senescence is a novel mechanism responsible for lipoatrophic monogenic diabetes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An adhesion G protein-coupled receptor is required in cartilaginous and dense connective tissues to maintain spine alignment

    Zhaoyang Liu et al.
    The regulation of the biomechanical properties of tendons/ligaments is essential for the maintenance of spine alignment in the mouse.

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