141 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Egr2 induction in spiny projection neurons of the ventrolateral striatum contributes to cocaine place preference in mice

    Diptendu Mukherjee et al.
    The ventrolateral striatum is found to be recruited during the encoding of cocaine preference, within which Egr2-expressing ensembles are functionally important, as is the expression of Egr2 within them.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Enhancing mitochondrial activity in neurons protects against neurodegeneration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

    Sina C Rosenkranz et al.
    Inducing neuronal mitochondrial activity during central nervous system inflammation counteracts inflammation-induced neuronal electron transport chain deficiency and calcium toxicity, thereby protecting against neuronal loss in a multiple sclerosis mouse model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prenatal methadone exposure disrupts behavioral development and alters motor neuron intrinsic properties and local circuitry

    Gregory G Grecco et al.
    A novel, translational mouse model of prenatal methadone exposure was developed and a longitudinal assessment of offspring revealed impairments in physical, behavioral, and neuronal development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prolonging the integrated stress response enhances CNS remyelination in an inflammatory environment

    Yanan Chen et al.
    Oligodendrocytes with an enhanced ability to withstand cytotoxic stress display an increased capacity to remyelinate demyelination lesions of the CNS in the presence of an inflammatory environment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TDP-43 maximizes nerve conduction velocity by repressing a cryptic exon for paranodal junction assembly in Schwann cells

    Kae-Jiun Chang et al.
    Glial TDP-43 regulates splicing and expression of neurofascin and is required for proper assembly and maintenance of paranodal axoglial junctions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    HAT cofactor TRRAP modulates microtubule dynamics via SP1 signaling to prevent neurodegeneration

    Alicia Tapias et al.
    The Trrap-HAT-Sp1 axis operates a conserved transcriptional program to control proper microtubule dynamics in brain homeostasis and prevents neurodegeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Exocyst-mediated membrane trafficking of the lissencephaly-associated ECM receptor dystroglycan is required for proper brain compartmentalization

    Andriy S Yatsenko et al.
    Neuronal interacting proteome reveals that the cellular dynamics of the lissencephaly-associated extracellular matrix receptor dystroglycan are governed by the exocyst complex, which is key for proper brain assembly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Integration of IL-2 and IL-4 signals coordinates divergent regulatory T cell responses and drives therapeutic efficacy

    Julie Y Zhou et al.
    Simultaneous cytokine signaling results in unexpected transcription factor changes that fuel a cellular response divergent from the sum of each cytokine alone.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Spinal cord precursors utilize neural crest cell mechanisms to generate hybrid peripheral myelinating glia

    Laura Fontenas, Sarah Kucenas
    Motor exit point (MEP) glia utilize mechanisms most commonly attributed to neural crest cells for their development from spinal cord precursors.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell transplantation rescued a primary open-angle glaucoma mouse model

    Siqi Xiong et al.
    Stem cell transplantation reduces intraocular pressure and preserves retinal ganglion cell function in a mouse glaucoma model, which could lead to a novel therapy for glaucoma to preserve vision.

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