770 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrastructural comparison of dendritic spine morphology preserved with cryo and chemical fixation

    Hiromi Tamada et al.
    Cryo preservation of brain tissue reveals dendritic spines with thinner necks compared to those prepared with chemical fixation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    How prolonged expression of Hunchback, a temporal transcription factor, re-wires locomotor circuits

    Julia L Meng et al.
    In vivo stem cell reprogramming in the well-studied stem cell NB7-1 using the classic temporal transcription factor Hunchback increases motor neuron number and re-specifies dendritic morphology and neuromuscular synaptic partnerships.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sloppy morphological tuning in identified neurons of the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion

    Adriane G Otopalik et al.
    Reliable neuronal physiology can arise from variable and inefficient morphologies.
    1. Cell Biology

    Brain-specific Drp1 regulates postsynaptic endocytosis and dendrite formation independently of mitochondrial division

    Kie Itoh et al.
    Genetic and cell biological analyses reveal a new role of Drp1 in postsynaptic endocytosis during brain development beyond mitochondrial division GTPase.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lack of IL-1R8 in neurons causes hyperactivation of IL-1 receptor pathway and induces MECP2-dependent synaptic defects

    Romana Tomasoni et al.
    Excessive inflammation of the brain in early life predisposes individuals to neurodevelopmental disorders by preventing synapses from developing correctly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Revealing the distribution of transmembrane currents along the dendritic tree of a neuron from extracellular recordings

    Dorottya Cserpán et al.
    A computational method reveals current sources along the dendritic tree of a single neuron of known morphology from extracellular potential.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential spatiotemporal development of Purkinje cell populations and cerebellum-dependent sensorimotor behaviors

    Gerrit Cornelis Beekhof et al.
    Different Purkinje cell subpopulations show distinct developmental profiles of physiological activity, climbing fiber inputs and axonal and dendritic morphology, matching different timelines of cerebellum-dependent behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Systematic morphological and morphometric analysis of identified olfactory receptor neurons in Drosophila melanogaster

    Cesar Nava Gonzales et al.
    A morphological characterization of Drosophila olfactory receptor neurons—conducted systematically at nanoscale resolution—yields an extensive morphometric dataset, identifies novel features of olfactory sensilla, and raises intriguing questions for how the size and shape of sensory neurons influence their function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Interneuronal mechanisms of hippocampal theta oscillations in a full-scale model of the rodent CA1 circuit

    Marianne J Bezaire et al.
    Spontaneous theta oscillations and interneuron-specific phase preferences emerge spontaneously in a full-scale model of the isolated hippocampal CA1 subfield, corroborating and extending recent experimental findings.

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