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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sequentially induced motor neurons from human fibroblasts facilitate locomotor recovery in a rodent spinal cord injury model

    Hyunah Lee et al.
    Sequential introduction of transcription factors enables large-scale generation of induced motor neurons (iMNs) from human somatic cells, and transplantation of iMNs exhibit therapeutic effects in spinal cord injury model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-independent Wnt signaling instructs asymmetric neurite pruning in C. elegans

    Menghao Lu, Kota Mizumoto
    Genetic analyses revealed the critical role of local Wnt in neuronal patterning by instructing neurite pruning.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Competition between Tropomyosin, Fimbrin, and ADF/Cofilin drives their sorting to distinct actin filament networks

    Jenna R Christensen et al.
    Both cooperative and competitive associations of actin binding proteins with actin filaments help drive the self-organization of functionally diverse F-actin networks in fission yeast.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global analysis of gene expression reveals mRNA superinduction is required for the inducible immune response to a bacterial pathogen

    Kevin C Barry et al.
    Infected cells superinduce expression of mRNA in order to initiate an immune response to a bacterial pathogen that blocks host protein synthesis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    A functional genomics screen in planarians reveals regulators of whole-brain regeneration

    Rachel H Roberts-Galbraith et al.
    A gene expression-guided functional screen identifies factors and cell types that regulate diverse aspects of neural regeneration in planarians.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative regulation by G proteins and Na+ of neuronal GIRK2 K+ channels

    Weiwei Wang et al.
    Determining how GIRK2 activity depends on the concentration of Gβγ subunits in lipid membranes at different Na+ concentrations has allowed the Gβγ concentration generated during GABAB activation in neurons to be estimated.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Coordinated recruitment of Spir actin nucleators and myosin V motors to Rab11 vesicle membranes

    Olena Pylypenko et al.
    Components of a Spir:MyoV:Rab11 complex are recruited synergistically to coordinate actin tracks generation and myosin motor activity in vesicle transport processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mouse models of human PIK3CA-related brain overgrowth have acutely treatable epilepsy

    Achira Roy et al.
    Acute one-hour treatment of Pik3ca mutant mice with a novel anti-epilepsy drug suppresses seizures despite continued developmental brain dysmorphology, promising a new therapeutic strategy for patients with intractable pediatric epilepsy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit mechanisms encoding odors and driving aging-associated behavioral declines in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Sarah G Leinwand et al.
    Neurotransmission pathways from primary to secondary neurons encode odor and underlie age-related sensory behavioral declines.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal ensemble dynamics timestamp events in long-term memory

    Alon Rubin et al.
    Temporally close events share a common timestamp regardless of the spatial context in which they occur.