750 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glial insulin regulates cooperative or antagonistic Golden goal/Flamingo interactions during photoreceptor axon guidance

    Hiroki Takechi et al.
    Timely regulation of growth cone dynamics, including filopodial and cytoskeletal rearrangements through phosphorylation signals from glial cells, shapes the photoreceptor axon targeting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Imaging neuropeptide release at synapses with a genetically engineered reporter

    Keke Ding et al.
    A series of genetically-encoded fluorescent reporters that allow imaging of neuropeptide release in vivo, with sub-second temporal and nerve terminal-level spatial resolution are developed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct regulation of dopamine D2S and D2L autoreceptor signaling by calcium

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    The loss of calcium-dependent D2 autoreceptor desensitization caused by prior in vivo cocaine exposure may be conferred by an unexpected role of the D2L splice variant as an autoreceptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 2/3 pyramidal cells in the medial prefrontal cortex moderate stress induced depressive behaviors

    Prerana Shrestha et al.
    The well-established link between stress and depression could be due to the activity of a population of cells in prefrontal cortex that express a gene mutated in the rare disorder Wolfram syndrome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A dynamin 1-, dynamin 3- and clathrin-independent pathway of synaptic vesicle recycling mediated by bulk endocytosis

    Yumei Wu et al.
    Analysis of neurons that lack the two neuronal dynamins, dynamin 1 and 3, demonstrates a pathway of synaptic vesicle reformation that does not require these two dynamins or clathrin-dependent budding.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sequentially induced motor neurons from human fibroblasts facilitate locomotor recovery in a rodent spinal cord injury model

    Hyunah Lee et al.
    Sequential introduction of transcription factors enables large-scale generation of induced motor neurons (iMNs) from human somatic cells, and transplantation of iMNs exhibit therapeutic effects in spinal cord injury model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-independent Wnt signaling instructs asymmetric neurite pruning in C. elegans

    Menghao Lu, Kota Mizumoto
    Genetic analyses revealed the critical role of local Wnt in neuronal patterning by instructing neurite pruning.
    1. Neuroscience

    A high-throughput neurohistological pipeline for brain-wide mesoscale connectivity mapping of the common marmoset

    Meng Kuan Lin et al.
    A systematic high-throughput neurohistological and computational pipeline for marmoset which establishes a foundational setup in brain mapping and circuit tracing to support current and emerging research in primate studies.

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