199 results found
    1. Ecology

    Rapid spread of a densovirus in a major crop pest following wide-scale adoption of Bt-cotton in China

    Yutao Xiao et al.
    Exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) selects for beneficial interactions between the target insect pest (Helicoverpa armigera) and its symbiotic densovirus that enhances its performance on Bt-crops under field conditions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Promoter-specific changes in initiation, elongation, and homeostasis of histone H3 acetylation during CBP/p300 inhibition

    Emily Hsu et al.
    CBP/p300 acetylation of histone H3 at promoters and enhancers stimulates transcriptional elongation through recruitment of the super-elongation complex and BRD4.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Start codon disruption with CRISPR/Cas9 prevents murine Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy

    Hironori Uehara et al.
    Adenoviral CRISPR/Cas9 gene knockdown of mutant Col8a2 achieves structural and functional rescue of murine Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy, the first demonstration of post-mitotic CRISPR-based knockdown for phenotypic restoration.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular antibody signalling is regulated by phosphorylation of the Fc receptor TRIM21

    Claire Dickson et al.
    Phosphorylation deactivates TRIM21 B Box autoinhibition to licence proinflammatory signalling by cytosolic antibodies.
    1. Cell Biology

    Defective STIM-mediated store operated Ca2+ entry in hepatocytes leads to metabolic dysfunction in obesity

    Ana Paula Arruda et al.
    Store operated calcium entry is defective in hepatocytes of obese mice, and restoring this process is sufficient to improve glucose metabolism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Control of immune ligands by members of a cytomegalovirus gene expansion suppresses natural killer cell activation

    Ceri A Fielding et al.
    The human cytomegalovirus US12 gene family work co-operatively to degrade large numbers of immune ligands and prevent recognition by natural killer cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Expansion and conversion of human pancreatic ductal cells into insulin-secreting endocrine cells

    Jonghyeob Lee et al.
    Cells from the human pancreatic duct can be grown in culture and triggered to become insulin-producing cells, which could potentially be transplanted into patients with diabetes.
    1. Medicine

    Asprosin-neutralizing antibodies as a treatment for metabolic syndrome

    Ila Mishra et al.
    Anti-asprosin monoclonal antibodies, a promising pharmacotherapy for the treatment of metabolic syndrome-associated hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic architecture of NAFLD among inbred strains of mice

    Simon T Hui et al.
    A system genetics approach reveals a unique molecular signature of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice and identifies novel genetic factors affecting hepatic steatosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Regulation of mRNA translation during mitosis

    Marvin E Tanenbaum et al.
    Ribosomal profiling reveals that translational repression is an important mechanism for cell cycle control and can complement protein degradation.

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