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    1. Neuroscience

    Young adult born neurons enhance hippocampal dependent performance via influences on bilateral networks

    Jia-Min Zhuo et al.
    Adult neurogenesis, although happening at a slow rate in the adult brain, plays an important role in learning and memory and has the ability to powerfully modulate large scale neural networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential inhibition onto developing and mature granule cells generates high-frequency filters with variable gain

    María Belén Pardi et al.
    Immature and mature granule cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus show differing responses to physiologically relevant stimuli, with immature cells better at encoding stimulus frequency and mature cells better at encoding stimulus onset.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroscience: What's new is older

    Lara M Rangel, Howard Eichenbaum
    Insight
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Meta-Research: Dataset decay and the problem of sequential analyses on open datasets

    William Hedley Thompson et al.
    Open data provides an opportunity to perform new analyses on preexisting data, but trade-offs are required to limit an increase in false positives.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota regulates visceral pain in the mouse

    Pauline Luczynski et al.
    Determining that microbiota-deficient mice have increased visceral pain, which can be reversed by restoring microbiota, may lead to novel microbial-based strategies for disorders associated with visceral pain.
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rap2 and TNIK control Plexin-dependent tiled synaptic innervation in C. elegans

    Xi Chen et al.
    Plexin controls the spatial distribution of synapses by locally inhibiting Rap2 small GTPase activity along the axon, and a Rap2 effector, TNIK, which also plays a key role in inhibiting synapse number.
    1. Neuroscience

    The AMPA receptor-associated protein Shisa7 regulates hippocampal synaptic function and contextual memory

    Leanne J M Schmitz et al.
    Shisa7 is a bona-fide AMPAR modulatory protein affecting channel kinetics of hippocampal AMPARs, and is necessary for synaptic plasticity and memory recall.
    1. Neuroscience

    Doc2B acts as a calcium sensor for vesicle priming requiring synaptotagmin-1, Munc13-2 and SNAREs

    Sébastien Houy et al.
    Doc2B functions in two distinct vesicle priming steps; membrane localization occludes upstream Ca2+-dependent priming, whereas Ca2+-binding and interaction with synaptotagmin-1, SNAREs, and Munc13-2 are involved in downstream priming, which makes vesicles readily releasable.