4,693 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic dissection of descending behavioral control in Drosophila

    Jessica Cande et al.
    Optogenetically activated individual descending neurons in Drosophila melanogaster drive varied stereotyped motor patterns that are often influenced by the animal's initial behavioral state.
    1. Neuroscience

    MDN brain descending neurons coordinately activate backward and inhibit forward locomotion

    Arnaldo Carreira-Rosario et al.
    A brain descending interneuron can coordinate a switch between two antagonistic behaviors (forward and backward locomotions).
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of cortical control over the descending pain modulatory system determines the development of the neuropathic pain state in rats

    Robert AR Drake et al.
    Alterations to brain network communication leading to a progressive loss in descending inhibitory modulation of the spinal cord is a key determinate of pain state development following peripheral nerve injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of the descending pain modulatory system on infant pain-related brain activity

    Sezgi Goksan et al.
    Greater connectivity of the descending pain modulatory system network in the infant brain is associated with lower pain-related brain activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    The functional organization of descending sensory-motor pathways in Drosophila

    Shigehiro Namiki et al.
    Systematic analysis of descending neuron anatomy reveals the basic functional map of descending sensory-motor pathways in flies and provides genetic tools for targeted interrogation of neural circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long ascending propriospinal neurons provide flexible, context-specific control of interlimb coordination

    Amanda M Pocratsky et al.
    Conditional silencing of long ascending propriospinal neurons disrupts interlimb coordination of the fore and hindlimb pairs, but in a highly context-specific manner.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Chronology-based architecture of descending circuits that underlie the development of locomotor repertoire after birth

    Avinash Pujala, Minoru Koyama
    Newly forming descending pathways are arranged to function in parallel to existing ones and contribute to increasingly sophisticated locomotor behaviors that emerge postnatally with suitable connectivity patterns and biophysical properties.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct forms of synaptic plasticity during ascending vs descending control of medial olivocochlear efferent neurons

    Gabriel E Romero, Laurence O Trussell
    In a fast brainstem relay controlling hearing sensitivity, descending synaptic control from midbrain provides the dominant source of excitation, due to a distinct form of synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational models of O-LM cells are recruited by low or high theta frequency inputs depending on h-channel distributions

    Vladislav Sekulić, Frances K Skinner
    The contribution of biophysical ion channels to neuron function can be predicted by taking advantage of an ongoing dialogue between model and experiment.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pituitary stem cells produce paracrine WNT signals to control the expansion of their descendant progenitor cells

    John P Russell et al.
    Stem cells of the pituitary gland contribute to organ growth cell non-autonomously by promoting proliferation of committed progenitors through WNT ligand secretion.

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