607 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Redefining innate natural antibodies as important contributors to anti-tumor immunity

    Kavita Rawat et al.
    Natural antibodies play a fundamental role in anti-cancer immunity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience-dependent weakening of callosal synaptic connections in the absence of postsynaptic FMRP

    Zhe Zhang et al.
    Postnatal, postsynaptic loss of FMRP specifically weakens callosal synaptic inputs onto L2/3 pyramidal neurons, in requirement ofnormal sensory experience, through downregulating AMPA receptor transmission and without affecting local synaptic inputs during cortical circuit development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Skipping ahead: A circuit for representing the past, present, and future

    Jennifer C Robinson, Mark P Brandon
    A circuit between the hippocampus, nucleus reunions, and prefrontal cortex organizes information about the past, present, and future into alternating theta sequences.
    1. Neuroscience

    The generation of cortical novelty responses through inhibitory plasticity

    Auguste Schulz et al.
    Inhibitory synaptic plasticity provides a flexible and biologically plausible circuit mechanism to detect the novelty of bottom-up stimuli and to generate stimulus-specific adaptation.
    1. Neuroscience

    ASIC1a is required for neuronal activation via low-intensity ultrasound stimulation in mouse brain

    Jormay Lim et al.
    Mouse brain neurons response to transcranial ultrasound at the energy level of 5 mW/cm2 and repeated stimulations lead to neurogenesis while ASIC1a is required both in vitro and in vivo as one of the mechanoreceptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    A projectome of the bumblebee central complex

    Marcel Ethan Sayre et al.
    Serial-section electron microscopy uncovers the intricate neural network of the bumblebee central complex, revealing highly conserved projection patterns as well as novel circuit elements potentially unique to bees.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Fine-tuned repression of Drp1-driven mitochondrial fission primes a ‘stem/progenitor-like state’ to support neoplastic transformation

    Brian Spurlock et al.
    A mitochondria-based 'priming' of stemness happens by fine-tuned repression of the level or activity of the master regulator of mitochondrial fission, Drp1, which supports carcinogen-induced transformation in a keratinocyte model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent modulation of synapse-regulating genes in astrocytes

    Isabella Farhy-Tselnicker et al.
    RNA sequencing and genetic mouse models reveal that transcriptional changes to astrocytes in the developing cortex are not intrinsic but influenced by their environment and determine that expression of astrocyte synapse-regulating genes and neuronal synaptogenesis is modulated by ongoing astrocyte-neuron communication.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modeling spinal locomotor circuits for movements in developing zebrafish

    Yann Roussel et al.
    Computational models of spinal locomotor circuits in developing zebrafish reveal how new movements can emerge during development through the integration of new spinal neurons and new connections.

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