155 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Tachykinin acts upstream of autocrine Hedgehog signaling during nociceptive sensitization in Drosophila

    Seol Hee Im et al.
    The Drosophila equivalent of Substance P signaling modulates nociceptive sensitization by regulating Hedgehog signaling within nociceptive sensory neurons.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    C-terminal threonines and serines play distinct roles in the desensitization of rhodopsin, a G protein-coupled receptor

    Anthony W Azevedo et al.
    Serine and threonine phosphorylation sites work in concert to provide rapid and reproducible desensitization of the G-protein coupled receptor rhodopsin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct regulation of dopamine D2S and D2L autoreceptor signaling by calcium

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    The loss of calcium-dependent D2 autoreceptor desensitization caused by prior in vivo cocaine exposure may be conferred by an unexpected role of the D2L splice variant as an autoreceptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cocaine-induced adaptation of dopamine D2S, but not D2L autoreceptors

    Brooks G Robinson et al.
    Desensitization of the D2 autoreceptor is reduced following in vivo cocaine exposure due to plasticity in the D2S and not the D2L splice variant.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitization of neonatal rat lumbar motoneuron by the inflammatory pain mediator bradykinin

    Mouloud Bouhadfane et al.
    The pain mediator bradykinin was found to sensitize spinal motoneurons by a direct postsynaptic action, questioning the role of motoneurons in the assessment of hyperalgesia since the withdrawal motor reflex is commonly used as a surrogate pain model.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Control of AMPA receptor activity by the extracellular loops of auxiliary proteins

    Irene Riva et al.
    Glutamate receptor auxiliary proteins exert their effects on receptor gating through two divergent extracellular loops, explaining subunit specificity and allowing the construction of null versions that form complexes normally but do not modify receptor gating.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron dependent behaviors mediated by glutamate cotransmission

    Susana Mingote et al.
    The conditional reduction of glutaminase in mouse dopamine neurons selectively attenuates glutamate cotransmission at phasic frequencies, revealing the role of dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission in the attribution of motivational salience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms and functional roles of glutamatergic synapse diversity in a cerebellar circuit

    Valeria Zampini et al.
    Unipolar brush cells within the cerebellum show highly variable responses to input from the inner ear, and this variability boosts the learning of motor skills.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auxiliary subunits of the CKAMP family differentially modulate AMPA receptor properties

    Paul Farrow et al.
    Three AMPAR interacting proteins – namely CKAMP39, CKAMP52 and CKAMP59 – together with the previously characterized CKAMP44, constitute a new family of auxiliary subunits that are distinct from other families of AMPAR interacting proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Crystal structure and dynamics of a lipid-induced potential desensitized-state of a pentameric ligand-gated channel

    Sandip Basak et al.
    Polyunsaturated fatty acids enhance desensitization in pentameric ligand-gated ion channels.

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