319 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Fruitless mutant male mosquitoes gain attraction to human odor

    Nipun S Basrur et al.
    Engineering male mosquitoes lacking the fruitless gene induces them to be attracted to humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal low-frequency stimulation prevents seizure generation in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Enya Paschen et al.
    Optogenetic and electrical low-frequency stimulation in the sclerotic hippocampus prevents the emergence of spontaneous focal and evoked generalized seizures in a mouse epilepsy model.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reconsidering the evidence for learning in single cells

    Samuel J Gershman et al.
    Single cells are believed to be incapable of complex forms of learning, but reconsideration of historical studies and more recent developments suggest that this orthodoxy must now be reconsidered.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Medicine

    Developing a theoretical evolutionary framework to solve the mystery of parturition initiation

    Antonis Rokas et al.
    This review considers the evolutionary processes and physiological mechanisms that maintain or end pregnancy in mammals to formulate general, testable theoretical models that provide insights into the biology of parturition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    MS-275, a class 1 histone deacetylase inhibitor augments glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonism to improve glycemic control and reduce obesity in diet-induced obese mice

    Shilpak Bele et al.
    Class 1 histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 enhances the efficacy of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) therapy for glycemic control and reduction of obesity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cohesin mutations are synthetic lethal with stimulation of WNT signaling

    Chue Vin Chin et al.
    Hypersensitivity of cohesin-deficient cells to Wnt signaling is concomitant with beta catenin stabilization and offers promise that Wnt agonists could be therapeutically effective in cohesin mutant cancers.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Downregulation of the tyrosine degradation pathway extends Drosophila lifespan

    Andrey A Parkhitko et al.
    The tyrosine degradation pathway reprogramming connects mitochondrial dysfunction, aging, and production of tyrosine-derived neuromediators that can be targeted with an FDA-approved drug, Tigecycline.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of TRPC4 regulation by calmodulin and pharmacological agents

    Deivanayagabarathy Vinayagam et al.
    Cryo-EM structures reveal how the canonical TRPC4 cation channel is regulated by calmodulin, and how it is modulated by pyridazinone-based inhibitors.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory tissue-associated commensal bacteria offer therapeutic potential against pneumococcal colonization

    Soner Yildiz et al.
    A respiratory tissue-associated commensal Lactobacillus strain confers colonization resistance to Streptococcus pneumoniae, when applied therapeutically in a post influenza virus super-infection model.

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