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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Rapid transporter regulation prevents substrate flow traffic jams in boron transport

    Naoyuki Sotta et al.
    To avoid internal traffic jams of nutrients that they absorb, plants need to swiftly regulate the transporters that take up those nutrients.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies

    Christopher D Pull et al.
    Upon detecting a fatal infection using chemical cues, ants puncture the cuticle of sick brood and inject antimicrobial poison that disrupts the pathogen's life cycle and prevents it from reproducing, thus protecting the colony from disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Tree crickets optimize the acoustics of baffles to exaggerate their mate-attraction signal

    Natasha Mhatre et al.
    Tree crickets can optimize the baffles they make to increase call loudness without any progressive optimization, and manufacture an optimal baffle in a single attempt, by using a simple yet highly accurate heuristic.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Cytokinin transfer by a free-living mirid to Nicotiana attenuata recapitulates a strategy of endophytic insects

    Christoph Brütting et al.
    Cytokinin-dependent manipulation of plant metabolism is a strategy employed not only by gallers and leaf-miners but also by a free-living insect, Tupiocoris notatus, which directly transfers cytokinins at feeding sites to manipulate its host plant.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cooperation between distinct viral variants promotes growth of H3N2 influenza in cell culture

    Katherine S Xue et al.
    The frequent co-occurrence of two variants of influenza is due to the fact that they cooperate, meaning that a mixed population grows better than either variant alone.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase MLL4 is required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation

    Ji-Eun Lee et al.
    MLL4 (KMT2D) is a major mammalian H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase that is essential for enhancer activation, cell-type-specific gene expression, and cell differentiation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A robust and tunable mitotic oscillator in artificial cells

    Ye Guan et al.
    The development of a robust and tunable artificial cell-cycle system paves the way for quantitative characterization of complex clock functions.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide errant targeting by Hairy

    Kurtulus Kok et al.
    Pervasive ‘futile cycling’ by chromatin-modifying factors suggests a mechanism for creating new links in gene regulatory networks.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut and groundwater harbor non-photosynthetic bacteria belonging to a new candidate phylum sibling to Cyanobacteria

    Sara C Di Rienzi et al.
    Melainabacteria, a candidate phylum related to Cyanobacteria, has been identified in gut and sediment samples by genomic analysis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transparent soil microcosms for live-cell imaging and non-destructive stable isotope probing of soil microorganisms

    Kriti Sharma et al.
    Two optically transparent substrates enable the exploration of the ecophysiology and spatiotemporal organization and activities of bacteria and fungi within heterogeneous soil-like environments.