1,304 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A versatile genetic tool for post-translational control of gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster

    Sachin Sethi, Jing W Wang
    A chemogenetic tool has been developed to map and manipulate neuronal circuits with spatial and temporal precision.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Inhibition by small-molecule ligands of formation of amyloid fibrils of an immunoglobulin light chain variable domain

    Boris Brumshtein et al.
    Ligands that bind dimers of light chain variable domains inhibit the formation of amyloid fibrils.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Regulation of Eag1 gating by its intracellular domains

    Jonathan R Whicher, Roderick MacKinnon
    Interactions between the voltage sensor and intracellular domains modulate voltage-dependent gating and calmodulin inhibition in the voltage-gated potassium channel Eag1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Roles of the membrane-reentrant β-hairpin-like loop of RseP protease in selective substrate cleavage

    Koichiro Akiyama et al.
    Mutational analysis and biochemical experiments suggest that the conserved β-hairpin-like membrane-reentrant loop of RseP - an S2P family intramembrane cleaving protease - helps to discriminate substrates by directly interacting with their transmembrane segments.
    1. Cell Biology

    The ER membrane protein complex interacts cotranslationally to enable biogenesis of multipass membrane proteins

    Matthew J Shurtleff et al.
    The ER membrane protein complex promotes the biogenesis of a subset multipass membrane proteins enriched for transporters and other proteins with destabilizing features in transmembrane domains.
    1. Neuroscience

    v-SNARE transmembrane domains function as catalysts for vesicle fusion

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Structural flexibility of the synaptobrevin-2 transmembrane domain promotes membrane fusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localized hypoxia within the subgranular zone determines the early survival of newborn hippocampal granule cells

    Christina Chatzi et al.
    Neural progenitors reside in relative low oxygen in the subgranular zone (SGZ), and the higher tissue oxygen levels that these cells must face as they migrate away from the hypoxic areas and differentiate appear to cause oxidative damage and an early phase of cell death.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Distinct transcriptional responses elicited by unfolded nuclear or cytoplasmic protein in mammalian cells

    Yusuke Miyazaki et al.
    A new unfolded protein response has been discovered that is distinct from the heat shock response and protects mammalian cells from proteotoxic stress.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Differential impact of BTK active site inhibitors on the conformational state of full-length BTK

    Raji E Joseph et al.
    The first-in-class kinase inhibitor, Ibrutinib, destabilizes its autoinhibited Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) target, and a remote resistance mutation causes global structural changes that activate BTK catalytic activity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Coupled ion binding and structural transitions along the transport cycle of glutamate transporters

    Grégory Verdon et al.
    Crystal structures of an archaeal homologue of mammalian glutamate transporters in apo and ion-only bound outward- and inward-facing states reveal ion-coupled conformational changes supporting mechanisms of coupling, gating, and transport.

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