112 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic postnatal chemogenetic activation of forebrain excitatory neurons evokes persistent changes in mood behavior

    Sthitapranjya Pati et al.
    Enhanced Gq-signaling-mediated activation of forebrain excitatory neurons in postnatal life programs enhanced anxiety-, despair- and schizophrenia-like behavior, recapitulating key aspects of the behavioral consequences of early life adversity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The allosteric modulation of complement C5 by knob domain peptides

    Alex Macpherson et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of a new class of low-molecular-weight antibody fragments, derived from bovine immunoglobulins, reveals their therapeutic potential against C5, a target for refractory inflammatory diseases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Time-resolved serial femtosecond crystallography reveals early structural changes in channelrhodopsin

    Kazumasa Oda et al.
    Time-resolved serial femtosecond crystallography revealed retinal kink and early changes in channelrhodopsin, which leads to the ion pore formation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Cell Biology

    A novel mode of capping protein-regulation by twinfilin

    Adam B Johnston et al.
    Twinfilin functions as a pro-capping ligand of capping protein, dynamically competing with inhibitory ligands of capping proteinto control cellular actin assembly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative H2S-mediated protein sulfhydration reveals metabolic reprogramming during the integrated stress response

    Xing-Huang Gao et al.
    ATF4, the master regulator of transcription during the Integrated Stress Response (ISR), causes global changes in cysteine sulfhydration of proteins and this event causes cellular metabolic reprogramming.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two-way communication between SecY and SecA suggests a Brownian ratchet mechanism for protein translocation

    William John Allen et al.
    Evidence is presented that supports a completely new, diffusion-driven mechanism for transporting proteins across membranes in bacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The C-terminal region of the motor protein MCAK controls its structure and activity through a conformational switch

    Sandeep K Talapatra et al.
    Structural analysis of the kinesin-13 MCAK bound to its C-terminal tail reveals the molecular basis for the conformation of kinesin-13 in solution and the mechanism that triggers long-range conformational changes upon microtubule binding.

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