2,776 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PLZF targets developmental enhancers for activation during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

    Shuchi Agrawal Singh et al.
    A key transcription-factor for osteogenic differentiation, PLZF, acts as a transcriptional activator by binding to active developmental enhancers and facilitates mediator recruitment, but is not involved in enhancer looping.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A novel enhancer near the Pitx1 gene influences development and evolution of pelvic appendages in vertebrates

    Abbey C Thompson et al.
    Regulatory sequences downstream of a key limb identity gene are required for normal sizes of leg bones, and are changed in wild species with dramatic alterations in pelvic structures.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Uncoupling evolutionary changes in DNA sequence, transcription factor occupancy and enhancer activity

    Pierre Khoueiry et al.
    Interspecies comparison of transcription factor occupancy during embryogenesis reveals potential co-operative relationships between factors and uncovers the inherent plasticity of developmental enhancers to overcome divergence in transcription factor occupancy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A recurrent regulatory change underlying altered expression and Wnt response of the stickleback armor plates gene EDA

    Natasha M O'Brown et al.
    An identical DNA base pair change has occurred in divergent sticklebacks to alter the expression of a major developmental gene controlling armor plates, thus providing a molecular link between particular enhancer changes, cell signaling, and repeated skeletal evolution in natural populations.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Apelin receptor enhances Nodal/TGFβ signaling to ensure proper cardiac development

    Ashish R Deshwar et al.
    The Apelin receptor acts as a rheostat to ensure that the proper levels of Nodal signaling are achieved for proper cell fate specification at the onset of gastrulation, in particular for cardiac progenitor development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin dynamics and the role of G9a in gene regulation and enhancer silencing during early mouse development

    Jan J Zylicz et al.
    Silencing of gene regulatory elements by modifications of DNA-bound proteins promotes the progression of early mouse development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancient yet flexible cis-regulatory architecture allows localized Hedgehog tuning by patched/Ptch1

    David S Lorberbaum et al.
    The seemingly simple, constitutive response of the patched/Ptch1 gene to Hedgehog signaling is in fact regulated by large batteries of context-specific Hedgehog-responsive enhancers in both fly and mouse, allowing tissue-specific tuning of the Hedgehog pathway in animal development and evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An Eya1-Notch axis specifies bipotential epibranchial differentiation in mammalian craniofacial morphogenesis

    Haoran Zhang et al.
    Dephosphorylation of Notch1 intracellular domain by Eya1 leads to enhanced Notch signalling activity in the non-neuronal epibranchial placodal cells, revealing an essential regulation for the formation of proximal pharyngeal arches during mouse craniofacial development.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Mammalian enhancer trap resource for discovering and manipulating neuronal cell types

    Yasuyuki Shima et al.
    A novel transposon-based enhancer trap screen in mice permits high throughput development of highly restricted driver strains targeting specific neuronal cell types.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Localized epigenetic silencing of a damage-activated WNT enhancer limits regeneration in mature Drosophila imaginal discs

    Robin E Harris et al.
    Localized silencing of damage-responsive enhancers can block regenerative growth while permitting those same genes to be used for normal development.

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