1,291 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    A visual pathway for skylight polarization processing in Drosophila

    Ben J Hardcastle et al.
    Circuit tracing and in vivo calcium imaging reveals neurons conveying polarized light information from photoreceptors to the central brain, transforming patterns in the sky into a directional cue for navigation.
    1. Neuroscience

    IGF-1 facilitates extinction of conditioned fear

    Laura E Maglio et al.
    Insulin-like growth factor-1 activates the prefrontal cortex and improves the extinction of aversive memories.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mapping the functional landscape of the receptor binding domain of T7 bacteriophage by deep mutational scanning

    Phil Huss et al.
    An unbiased mutational screen decodes the molecular basis of phage receptor interactions, identifies key functional regions determining activity and host range, and demonstrates the potential for engineering therapeutic phages.
    1. Neuroscience

    Signed and unsigned reward prediction errors dynamically enhance learning and memory

    Nina Rouhani, Yael Niv
    Throughout learning, both unexpected outcomes and the predictive value of cues modulate learning rate and episodic memory, thereby supporting two seemingly opposing theories of associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acquisition of innate odor preference depends on spontaneous and experiential activities during critical period

    Qiang Qiu et al.
    A delicate balance of neural activity is required during critical period in establishing innate odor preference.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mother brain is wired for social moments

    Ortal Shimon-Raz et al.
    Mother brain shows special sensitivity to social moments of mother-infant synchrony, compared to other caregiving experiences, through enhanced activation across the caregiving network, response to oxytocin administration, and temporal consistency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitation of medium spiny neurons by ‘inhibitory’ ultrapotent chemogenetics via shifts in chloride reversal potential

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    Modifying membrane potential by an 'inhibitory' chloride conductance such as PSAM4-GlyR is inherently unstable because the normally low intracellular concentration of chloride is readily increased by influx of chloride.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Control and regulation of acetate overflow in Escherichia coli

    Pierre Millard et al.
    Elucidating the control and regulation of acetate overflow in E. coli reveals that acetate is not only an end-product but also a co-substrate and a global regulator of glucose metabolism.

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