Artificial selection for increased tibia length in mice made their skulls longer, narrower, and flatter, suggesting that even distant skeletal regions can evolve as correlated responses to selection acting locally.
Actively regulated immune memory differentiation, with a preference for cross-reactive receptors with moderate affinity against pathogens as opposed to high-affinity receptors, confers a long-term benefit to the host.
ImmunoCluster permits nonspecialist users to interrogate liquid and imaging mass, and flow cytometry datasets, resolving novel layers of cellular heterogeneity and insight, as well as producing publishable outputs and figures.
Action-value signals previously found in many brain areas can be accounted for neither by concurrent serial correlations in neural activity and action value nor by signals for other decision variables.
A novel method and software provides researchers with the capability to rapidly, flexibly, and robustly perform Bayesian parameter estimation of theoretically meaningful models in cognitive neuroscience that were heretofore intractable.
The widespread occurrence of metabolically active streptomycetes in Odontotaenius disjunctus beetle frass may insulate their galleries against pathogenic fungal invasion through the production of diverse antimicrobial specialized metabolites.