795 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Selection for increased tibia length in mice alters skull shape through parallel changes in developmental mechanisms

    Colton M Unger et al.
    Artificial selection for increased tibia length in mice made their skulls longer, narrower, and flatter, suggesting that even distant skeletal regions can evolve as correlated responses to selection acting locally.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Optimal evolutionary decision-making to store immune memory

    Oskar H Schnaack, Armita Nourmohammad
    Actively regulated immune memory differentiation, with a preference for cross-reactive receptors with moderate affinity against pathogens as opposed to high-affinity receptors, confers a long-term benefit to the host.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    ImmunoCluster provides a computational framework for the nonspecialist to profile high-dimensional cytometry data

    James W Opzoomer et al.
    ImmunoCluster permits nonspecialist users to interrogate liquid and imaging mass, and flow cytometry datasets, resolving novel layers of cellular heterogeneity and insight, as well as producing publishable outputs and figures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Medical education and distrust modulate the response of insular-cingulate network and ventral striatum in pain diagnosis

    Giada Dirupo et al.
    Behavioral and neural data converge in showing that medical experience reduces reactions to others' pain and distrust toward the target affects the processing of his feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust and distributed neural representation of action values

    Eun Ju Shin et al.
    Action-value signals previously found in many brain areas can be accounted for neither by concurrent serial correlations in neural activity and action value nor by signals for other decision variables.
    1. Cell Biology

    SARS-CoV-2 requires cholesterol for viral entry and pathological syncytia formation

    David W Sanders et al.
    A high-throughput microscopy screen for drugs that modulate SARS-CoV-2 spike-mediated membrane fusion identifies an essential role for cholesterol in both virus entry and syncytia formation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Persistent effects of pair bonding in lung cancer cell growth in monogamous Peromyscus californicus

    Asieh Naderi et al.
    Monogamous rodents of the genus Peromyscus, upon disruption of pair bonds, acquire increased oncogenic activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Likelihood approximation networks (LANs) for fast inference of simulation models in cognitive neuroscience

    Alexander Fengler et al.
    A novel method and software provides researchers with the capability to rapidly, flexibly, and robustly perform Bayesian parameter estimation of theoretically meaningful models in cognitive neuroscience that were heretofore intractable.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    TRex, a fast multi-animal tracking system with markerless identification, and 2D estimation of posture and visual fields

    Tristan Walter, Iain D Couzin
    Being fast, memory efficient, easy to use, and with powerful integrated tools, TRex will lower barriers of entry into, and enable more ambitious approaches to, the quantitative study of behavior.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple lineages of Streptomyces produce antimicrobials within passalid beetle galleries across eastern North America

    Rita de Cassia Pessotti et al.
    The widespread occurrence of metabolically active streptomycetes in Odontotaenius disjunctus beetle frass may insulate their galleries against pathogenic fungal invasion through the production of diverse antimicrobial specialized metabolites.

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