2,024 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Insulin Receptor Binding: From venom peptides to a potential diabetes treatment

    Jiří Jiráček, Lenka Žáková
    Cone snails have evolved a variety of insulin-like molecules that may help with the development of better treatments for diabetes.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Blockade of glucagon signaling prevents or reverses diabetes onset only if residual β-cells persist

    Nicolas Damond et al.
    Contrary to previous reports, a complete absence of glucagon signaling is not sufficient to prevent diabetes after near-total β-cell loss.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Inhibition of mTORC1 by ER stress impairs neonatal β-cell expansion and predisposes to diabetes in the Akita mouse

    Yael Riahi et al.
    mTORC1 inhibition by perinatal ER stress induces beta-cell growth arrest with subsequent development of diabetes.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Increase in clinically recorded type 2 diabetes after colectomy

    Anders B Jensen et al.
    This nationwide register-based study of diabetes risk after colectomy suggests that the left colon contributes to maintenance of glucose homeostasis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integration of human pancreatic islet genomic data refines regulatory mechanisms at Type 2 Diabetes susceptibility loci

    Matthias Thurner et al.
    Human pancreatic islet high-resolution chromatin state maps generated from DNA methylation, open chromatin and ChIP-seq mark data facilitate the characterisation of regulatory mechanisms at type 2 diabetes genome-wide association study loci.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epigenetic modulation of type-1 diabetes via a dual effect on pancreatic macrophages and β cells

    Wenxian Fu et al.
    A short treatment of the NOD mouse model of type-1 diabetes with I-BET151, a small molecule bromodomain blocker, provides long-term protection from disease by inducing macrophages to adapt an anti-inflammatory tenor whilst promoting islet β cell regeneration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autoimmunity: Treating type-1 diabetes with an epigenetic drug

    Yohko Kitagawa, Naganari Ohkura
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor PDZ-RhoGEF governs susceptibility to diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes

    Ying-Ju Chang et al.
    PDZ-RhoGEF controls adipose tissue abundance and whole body metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Diabetes regulates fructose absorption through thioredoxin-interacting protein

    James R Dotimas et al.
    Thioredoxin-Interacting Protein binds directly to fructose transporters and regulates fructose metabolism, both acutely and chronically.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced acceleration of type 1 diabetes alters maturation of innate intestinal immunity

    Xue-Song Zhang et al.
    Alteration of host gut microbiota by antibiotic exposure in early life remodeled host intestinal immune development and metabolism and enhanced the induction of type 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed animals.

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