13 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Modulation of anxiety and fear via distinct intrahippocampal circuits

    Elif Engin et al.
    The hippocampus features a double dissociation in its circuits with respect to the regulation of fear and anxiety, with CA3 and the dentate gyrus implicated in anxiety and CA1 in fear.
    1. Neuroscience

    The recovery of standing and locomotion after spinal cord injury does not require task-specific training

    Jonathan Harnie et al.
    Restoring locomotion after complete spinal cord injury does not require locomotor training, only the return of sufficient excitability within neurons of the spinal cord.
    1. Neuroscience

    Risk of punishment influences discrete and coordinated encoding of reward-guided actions by prefrontal cortex and VTA neurons

    Junchol Park, Bita Moghaddam
    Risk of punishment during reward seeking behavior is associated with a functional "disconnection" of the PFC-VTA circuit due to a transient loss of VTA-driven theta oscillation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Involvement of the Acyl-CoA binding domain containing 7 in the control of food intake and energy expenditure in mice

    Damien Lanfray et al.
    The Acyl-CoA binding domain-containing 7 (Acbd7) gene is expressed in the hypothalamus, encodes a peptide that suppresses appetite, increases metabolic rate and interacts with the leptin-melanocortin system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized areas for value updating and goal selection in the primate orbitofrontal cortex

    Elisabeth A Murray et al.
    Within the monkey orbitofrontal cortex, a posterior part learns new values, whereas an anterior part translates this knowledge into advantageous decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneurons and oligodendrocyte progenitors form a structured synaptic network in the developing neocortex

    David Orduz et al.
    During the second postnatal week, a temporary circuit made up of specific types of neurons plus the precursors of oligodendrocytes is established in the brain, and may promote the maturation of oligodendrocytes in preparation for myelination.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the benzodiazepine-sensitive α1β1γ2S tri-heteromeric GABAA receptor in complex with GABA

    Swastik Phulera et al.
    Structure of the triheteromeric α1β1γ2S GABAA receptor in complex with GABA illuminates the principles of receptor assembly and agonist binding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes mediate innocuous and noxious touch via ATP-P2X4 signaling

    Francie Moehring et al.
    Keratinocytes are critical for normal innocuous and noxious touch through their mechanically evoked ATP release and subsequent signaling to P2X4 channels on sensory neurons.
    1. Cell Biology

    ESCRT-III drives the final stages of CUPS maturation for unconventional protein secretion

    Amy J Curwin et al.
    The release of Acb1 protein from yeast cells requires the ESCRT-III complex to stabilize the compartment for unconventional protein secretion (CUPS).
    1. Neuroscience

    Principal cells of the brainstem’s interaural sound level detector are temporal differentiators rather than integrators

    Tom P Franken et al.
    Principal neurons of the brainstem nucleus comparing sound level at the two ears do not have the slow response properties previously attributed to them, but are instead specialized for fast weighing of excitation and inhibition.

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