215 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Reproduction: How flies turn food into progeny

    Thomas Flatt
    Sex-optimal diets have different effects on gene expression in female and male flies.
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  1. Meta-Research: A comprehensive review of randomized clinical trials in three medical journals reveals 396 medical reversals

    Diana Herrera-Perez et al.
    An analysis of more than 3000 randomized controlled trials published in JAMA, the Lancet and NEJM has identified 396 medical reversals.
    1. Ecology

    Kairomones: Finding the fish factor

    Georg Pohnert
    The water flea Daphnia moves to deeper waters to avoid predators when it detects a chemical produced by fish.
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    1. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The secret lives of Drosophila flies

    Therese Ann Markow
    After decades of intensive research, D. melanogaster and its relatives could provide important tools for investigating future biological questions about human health and environmental change, but only if we better understand their natural history.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Nothobranchius furzeri, an 'instant' fish from an ephemeral habitat

    Martin Reichard, Matej Polačik
    The turquoise killifish from ephemeral pools in African savannah combines extremely short lifespan with a standard vertebrate body plan – ideal attributes for a laboratory animal.
    1. Ecology

    Stone Tool Use: Monkeys overharvest shellfish

    George H Perry, Brian F Codding
    The use of stone tools by macaques in Thailand has reduced the size and population density of coastal shellfish; previously it was thought that tool-assisted overharvesting effects resulted uniquely from human activity.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The untapped potential of medaka and its wild relatives

    Leon Hilgers, Julia Schwarzer
    Studies of medaka and other ricefishes in the wild could provide insights in fields such as evolutionary biology, development and cancer research.
  2. Living Science: Power analysis

    Indira M Raman
    After acknowledging that power differentials exist, can scientists find inspiration to persevere anyway?
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine receptor 1 neurons in the dorsal striatum regulate food anticipatory circadian activity rhythms in mice

    Christian M Gallardo et al.
    For mice, knowing when it is time to feed is dependent on the neurotransmitter dopamine and the D1R receptor of neurons in the dorsal striatum.

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