365 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Multivariable two-sample Mendelian randomization estimates of the effects of intelligence and education on health

    Neil Martin Davies et al.
    Many of the effects of intelligence on health and social outcomes later in life are mediated via education.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hormone-sensitive lipase couples intergenerational sterol metabolism to reproductive success

    Christoph Heier et al.
    An ancestral enzyme tailors allocation of essential lipid resources to the progeny and connects maternal and embryonic sterol metabolism for reproductive success.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Effects of domestication on the gut microbiota parallel those of human industrialization

    Aspen T Reese et al.
    Gut microbial signatures of domestication parallel those of industrialization, implicating shared ecological drivers.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Self-organised segregation of bacterial chromosomal origins

    Andreas Hofmann et al.
    The self-organising condensin MukBEF positions chromosomal origins in Escherichia coli..
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergence between the microcosms of Southeast Asian and North American pitcher plants

    Leonora S Bittleston et al.
    Host characteristics drive the assembly of similar communities within the convergently evolved and geographically distant pitcher ecosystems of carnivorous pitcher plants.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    NHR-49/PPAR-α and HLH-30/TFEB cooperate for C. elegans host defense via a flavin-containing monooxygenase

    Khursheed A Wani et al.
    Genetic and molecular characterization showed that evolutionarily conserved flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO-2) plays an important role in host defense in Caenorhabditis elegans, and its induction is dependent on conserved transcription factors, TFEB and PPAR-α.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Sex-specific transcriptomic responses to changes in the nutritional environment

    M Florencia Camus et al.
    Male and female Drosophila share core metabolic responses to different nutritional environments, but show opposing patterns of nutrient-dependent reproductive regulation.

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