5,341 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    RNA polymerase errors cause splicing defects and can be regulated by differential expression of RNA polymerase subunits

    Lucas B Carey
    A single human cell makes 10-100 transcriptional errors per second; these errors affect splicing and may influence the evolution of coding sequences.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Mouse embryonic stem cells can differentiate via multiple paths to the same state

    James Alexander Briggs et al.
    Single cell RNA sequencing reveals that mouse embryonic stem cells can be differentiated into the same terminal motor neuron state via distinct differentiation paths, one of which includes a surprising intermediate state not found in embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential 3’ processing of specific transcripts expands regulatory and protein diversity across neuronal cell types

    Saša Jereb et al.
    Differential expression of 3'UTR isoforms expands regulatory and protein diversity in cerebellar Purkinje and granule cells and during granule cell development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Determining the genetic basis of anthracycline-cardiotoxicity by molecular response QTL mapping in induced cardiomyocytes

    David A Knowles et al.
    Genetic variants that modulate transcriptomic response to doxorubicin in human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes are predictive of cardiac damage and in vivo sensitivity to anthracycline cardiotoxicity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Repression of interrupted and intact rDNA by the SUMO pathway in Drosophila melanogaster

    Yicheng Luo et al.
    SUMO-dependent pathway is responsible for selective repression of damaged rDNA and silencing of intact surplus units revealing an epigenetic mechanism that controls the differential expression of identical sequences in the same cell.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural epigenetic polymorphisms lead to intraspecific variation in Arabidopsis gene imprinting

    Daniela Pignatta et al.
    Individual scientists, scientific communities and scientific journals can do more to assess the publication of irreproducible results, to promote good science, and to increase the efficiency with which the scientific community self-corrects.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MAPK activity dynamics regulate non-cell autonomous effects of oncogene expression

    Timothy J Aikin et al.
    The temporal patterns of MAPK activity differentially regulate cell autonomous and non-cell autonomous effects of oncogene expression.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral miRNA adaptor differentially recruits miRNAs to target mRNAs through alternative base-pairing

    Carlos Gorbea et al.
    iRICC, a new method to identify RNA-RNA interactions in vivo, provides mechanistic insight into the function of a viral non-coding RNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Enhanced ER proteostasis and temperature differentially impact the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis factors enhance the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin, a model secretory pathway protein and therapeutic target, particularly improving the fitness of temperature-sensitive variants.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generic injuries are sufficient to induce ectopic Wnt organizers in Hydra

    Jack F Cazet et al.
    Injuries activate the oral identity-specifying canonical Wnt signaling pathway in Hydra, which can trigger head regeneration in permissive tissue contexts created by the absence of pre-existing organizers.

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