643 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-invasive imaging of CSF-mediated brain clearance pathways via assessment of perivascular fluid movement with diffusion tensor MRI

    Ian F Harrison et al.
    The first non-invasive technique to assess the action of brain clearance mechanisms, driven by the perivascular inflow of cerebrospinal fluid, has been developed using magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Diffusion-MRI-based regional cortical microstructure at birth for predicting neurodevelopmental outcomes of 2-year-olds

    Minhui Ouyang et al.
    Diffusion-MRI-based cerebral cortical microstructure encoding regionally differential dendritic arborization and synaptic formation at birth robustly predicts future 2-year-old cognitive and language outcomes with regionally heterogeneous contribution that exhibits functional selectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microstructural organization of human insula is linked to its macrofunctional circuitry and predicts cognitive control

    Vinod Menon et al.
    In vivo quantitative analysis of multi-shell diffusion MRI reveals novel insights into microstructure of human insular cortex and its functional circuits associated with the salience network and cognitive control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life stress causes sex-specific changes in adult fronto-limbic connectivity that differentially drive learning

    Jordon D White et al.
    Mice exposed to complex early adversity show similar diffusion MRI changes to those reported in humans and sex-specific changes in connectivity that differentially affect contextual deficits in males and females.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the human subcortical auditory system using histology, postmortem MRI and in vivo MRI at 7T

    Kevin R Sitek et al.
    MRI methods are promising techniques for investigating the human subcortical auditory system, and these publicly available data, atlases, and tools make researching human audition simpler and more reliable.
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectional hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex links areas of emotion and cognitive control

    Wei Tang et al.
    A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Cell Biology

    Magnetic resonance measurements of cellular and sub-cellular membrane structures in live and fixed neural tissue

    Nathan H Williamson et al.
    Low-field single-sided magnetic resonance diffusion methods detect and measure permeability of sub-micron compartments which likely include cell processes, organelles, and cellular vesicles within ex vivo mouse spinal cords.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole brain comparative anatomy using connectivity blueprints

    Rogier B Mars et al.
    White matter connectivity assessed using diffusion MRI allows one to compare whole-brain organization between different animal species in a quantitative fashion, identifying homologous areas and regions of unique specialization.

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