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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Handling of intracellular K+ determines voltage dependence of plasmalemmal monoamine transporter function

    Shreyas Bhat et al.
    Subtle differences in handling of intracellular cations can drive macroscopic functional differences in structurally similar monoamine transporters.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Alcohol consumption in the general population is associated with structural changes in multiple organ systems

    Evangelos Evangelou et al.
    The results imply that there is not a safe threshold below which there are no toxic effects of alcohol.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic mRNA decay represses RNA polymerase II transcription during early apoptosis

    Christopher Duncan-Lewis et al.
    Human cells respond to cytoplasmic mRNA depletion during early apoptosis by inhibiting RNA polymerase II transcription, thereby magnifying the gene expression shutdown during stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic NMDA receptors facilitate short-term plasticity and BDNF release at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses

    Pablo J Lituma et al.
    By facilitating glutamate and BDNF release, presynaptic NMDA receptors may control information transfer from the dentate gyrus to the CA3 area of the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticothalamic gating of population auditory thalamocortical transmission in mouse

    Baher A Ibrahim et al.
    Sensory stimulation produces stochastic population responses in the cortex that are governed by layer 6 cortico-reticular projections that modulate thalamic synchrony.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM channels mediate learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention

    Adam Filipowicz et al.
    Behavioral assays using Caenorhabditis elegans show that a learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention requires specific chemosensory neurons and TRPM channels in the intestine and excretory cell.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reshaping of bacterial molecular hydrogen metabolism contributes to the outgrowth of commensal E. coli during gut inflammation

    Elizabeth R Hughes et al.
    Bioinformatics analyses and experiments in mouse models reveal how Escherichia coli accesses the molecular hydrogen pool to boost colonization during acute colitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unveiling the sensory and interneuronal pathways of the neuroendocrine connectome in Drosophila

    Sebastian Hückesfeld et al.
    Core of a neuroendocrine synaptic network consists of a parallel set of interneurons that target distinct combinations of neuroendocrine outputs, thus enabling variability and flexibility in selection of physiological activity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Abortive intussusceptive angiogenesis causes multi-cavernous vascular malformations

    Wenqing Li et al.
    Genetic studies reveal that mosaic inactivation of ccm2 causes characteristic cerebral cavernous malformations in adult zebrafish and aberrant responses to blood flow that induce the formation of a lethal embryonic multi-cavernous venous malformation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A subcellular map of the human kinome

    Haitao Zhang et al.
    An immunofluorescent analysis of 465 protein kinases revealed a substantial role of liquid-liquid phase separation in kinase localization and identified new kinase localizations to mitochondria and other organelles.