712 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Human blindsight is mediated by an intact geniculo-extrastriate pathway

    Sara Ajina et al.
    White matter microstructure in hemianopia patients indicates that blindsight requires an intact connection between the lateral geniculate nucleus and extrastriate cortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article

    Darwin Y Fu, Jacob J Hughey
    An analysis of more than 70,000 journal articles, including 5405 that were first released as a preprint on bioRxiv, shows that articles with a preprint received 49% more attention and 36% more citations than articles without one.
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic morphology and vesicular composition determine vesicle dynamics in mouse central synapses

    Laurent Guillaud et al.
    In central synapses, the mobility and supply of synaptic vesicles are determined by two independent biological factors: the morphological and structural organization of nerve terminals and the molecular signature of vesicles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Test of the 'glymphatic' hypothesis demonstrates diffusive and aquaporin-4-independent solute transport in rodent brain parenchyma

    Alex J Smith et al.
    Solute movement in brain extracellular space is determined by solute diffusion, and does not depend on convection or aquaporin-4 expression as predicted by the glymphatic mechanism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single-molecule FRET unveils induced-fit mechanism for substrate selectivity in flap endonuclease 1

    Fahad Rashid et al.
    Structure specific nucleases that act in DNA replication, repair and recombination actively mold their DNA while transforming their own structure to achieve precise cleavage of their cognate DNA and avoid the deleterious cleavage of noncognate DNA.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit C-terminus regulates fast synaptic vesicle fusion and vesicle docking at the mammalian presynaptic active zone

    Matthias Lübbert et al.
    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit regulates coupling of synaptic vesicles to CaV2.1 calcium channels, synaptic vesicle release and docking, and the size of the fast and total releasable pools of synaptic vesicles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic pain induces generalized enhancement of aversion

    Qiaosheng Zhang et al.
    Chronic pain distorts intensity coding in the anterior cingulate cortex to give rise to generalized anatomically nonspecific enhancement in pain aversion.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of the descending pain modulatory system on infant pain-related brain activity

    Sezgi Goksan et al.
    Greater connectivity of the descending pain modulatory system network in the infant brain is associated with lower pain-related brain activity.

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