693 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional properties of CALHM channels of the human placenta

    Katarzyna Drożdżyk et al.
    Members of the calcium homeostasis modulator family expressed in the placenta form large channels with unknown activation properties that harbor a lipid bilayer on the inside of a cylindrical pore.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of competitive selection: A canonical neural circuit framework

    Shreesh P Mysore, Ninad B Kothari
    A first principles, neuro-computational framework proposes a path for the experimental dissection of neural circuit mechanisms of competitive selection across brain areas and animal species.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Heterogeneous T cell motility behaviors emerge from a coupling between speed and turning in vivo

    Elizabeth R Jerison, Stephen R Quake
    Motile interstitial T cells in live zebrafish access a broad range of length-scales due to long-lived cell-intrinsic variation in speed, and a coupling between speed and directional persistence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine acts on songbird premotor circuitry to invigorate vocal output

    Paul I Jaffe, Michael S Brainard
    The neuromodulator acetylcholine contributes to state-dependent modulation of motor vigor and variability by direct action on songbird premotor cortex, bypassing basal ganglia circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergism of type 1 metabotropic and ionotropic glutamate receptors in cerebellar molecular layer interneurons in vivo

    Jin Bao et al.
    During parallel fibre activity in vivo, postsynaptic mGluR1 receptors in molecular layer interneurons of the cerebellar cortex are engaged in a frequency-dependent manner and in concert with inotropic glutamate receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differentiating between integration and non-integration strategies in perceptual decision making

    Gabriel M Stine et al.
    The determination that a decision-maker integrated evidence to form perceptual decisions is shown to be much more difficult than previously appreciated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reinforcement biases subsequent perceptual decisions when confidence is low, a widespread behavioral phenomenon

    Armin Lak et al.
    Confidence-dependent reinforcement learning is active and produces trial-to-trial choice updating even in well-learned perceptual decisions without explicit reward biases, across species and sensory modalities.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global phenotypic profiling identifies a conserved actinobacterial cofactor for a bifunctional PBP-type cell wall synthase

    Joel W Sher et al.
    A broadly useful phenotypic profiling dataset was generated and used to identify a cofactor required for a polar cell wall synthase in Corynebacterium glutamicum that is conserved throughout the Actinobacteria.
    1. Neuroscience

    A role for CIM6P/IGF2 receptor in memory consolidation and enhancement

    Xiao-Wen Yu et al.
    Cation-independent-mannose-6-phosphate-receptor, or insulin-like-growth-factor-2-receptor (CIM6P/IGF2R) expressed in the hippocampus controls the protein metabolism regulated by learning and required for memory consolidation, and is also a key mechanism for memory enhancement.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Expansion microscopy of C. elegans

    Chih-Chieh (Jay) Yu et al.
    Fixed, intact animals of C. elegans can be physically expanded with high isotropy, to enable super-resolved imaging of general proteins and nucleic acids throughout the organism, on conventional microscopes.

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