693 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Human blindsight is mediated by an intact geniculo-extrastriate pathway

    Sara Ajina et al.
    White matter microstructure in hemianopia patients indicates that blindsight requires an intact connection between the lateral geniculate nucleus and extrastriate cortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article

    Darwin Y Fu, Jacob J Hughey
    An analysis of more than 70,000 journal articles, including 5405 that were first released as a preprint on bioRxiv, shows that articles with a preprint received 49% more attention and 36% more citations than articles without one.
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Stepwise polarisation of developing bilayered epidermis is mediated by aPKC and E-cadherin in zebrafish

    Prateek Arora et al.
    Polarity cascade initiated by aPKC in the periderm is transduced by adherens junction component E-cadherin to the basal epidermis during the development of zebrafish bilayered epidermis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    Multiple respiratory and vascular mechanisms have recurrently evolved across the vertebrates to alleviate the oxygen diffusion limitations inherent to the morphology of the retina.
    1. Ecology

    Tritrophic metabolism of plant chemical defenses and its effects on herbivore and predator performance

    Ruo Sun et al.
    Genetic manipulation demonstrates the costs and benefits of detoxifying glucosinolate plant defenses in a pest insect and its predator.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rod nuclear architecture determines contrast transmission of the retina and behavioral sensitivity in mice

    Kaushikaram Subramanian et al.
    Establishing retinal contrast transmission as a novel determinant of mammalian fitness, this research adds functional significance to a prominent exception of nuclear organization, previously described in nocturnal rod photoreceptor cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 in the orbitofrontal cortex promotes habitual alcohol seeking

    Nadege Morisot et al.
    In the orbitofrontal cortex, mTORC1, a multiprotein complex centered around the kinase mTOR, contributes to the development and/or maintenance of habitual alcohol seeking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Primary cilia deficiency in neural crest cells models anterior segment dysgenesis in mouse

    Céline Portal et al.
    Primary cilia of neural crest-derived cells mediate Indian hedgehog-induced signal transduction in the periocular mesenchyme and are required for normal anterior segment development.

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