571 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High fat diet induces microbiota-dependent silencing of enteroendocrine cells

    Lihua Ye et al.
    Enteroendocrine cells sense nutrients in the gut and regulate digestive physiology but are rendered insensitive following fat ingestion due to alteration of gut microbiota.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Neuropeptide Signaling: Unravelling the evolutionary history of kisspeptin

    Maria I Arnone, Paola Oliveri
    Experiments in sea cucumbers reveal how the physiological responses regulated by a neuropeptide called kisspeptin have evolved.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
  1. Fabry Disease: Ion channels and neuropathic pain

    Madeleine C Klein, Anne Louise Oaklander
    Pain behaviors in a Fabry mouse model are associated with the accumulation of a fat molecule that disrupts sodium ion channels in small fiber neurons.
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    1. Neuroscience

    The Gastric Network: How the stomach and the brain work together at rest

    Giuseppina Porciello et al.
    Low-frequency electrical waves in the stomach seem to be synchronised with the activity of a newly discovered resting-state network in the human brain.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology
    E. coli illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Human embryonic lung epithelial tips are multipotent progenitors that can be expanded in vitro as long-term self-renewing organoids

    Marko Z Nikolić et al.
    Improved characterisation of human embryonic lung development highlights human-mouse differences and facilitates the development of defined culture conditions for the expansion of self-renewing, multipotent human lung epithelial progenitor cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Fluorescent sensors reporting the activity of ammonium transceptors in live cells

    Roberto De Michele et al.
    A modified form of Green Fluorescent Protein integrated into an ammonium transporter provides a sensor that can be used to monitor transport activity in vivo.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Erythropoietin signaling regulates heme biosynthesis

    Jacky Chung et al.
    EPO/JAK2/PKA signaling cascade via AKAP10 relocalization to the outer mitochondrial membrane results in the phosphorylation of the terminal heme synthesis enzyme ferrochelatase, which contributes to heme production in red cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The last common ancestor of animals lacked the HIF pathway and respired in low-oxygen environments

    Daniel B Mills et al.
    Sponges and ctenophores lack hypoxia-inducible factors, suggesting that the metazoan last common ancestor could have lived aerobically under severe hypoxia and did not need to regulate its transcription in response to oxygen availability.

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