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    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory motor neurons are local oscillators for backward locomotion

    Shangbang Gao et al.
    Motor neurons are rhythm generators for backward locomotion.
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectome of a learning and memory center in the adult Drosophila brain

    Shin-ya Takemura et al.
    Connectomic analysis in the fly's (Drosophila) learning and memory center identifies unique circuit motifs that have not been anticipated by over 30 years of extensive anatomical, experimental and theoretical studies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nitric oxide acts as a cotransmitter in a subset of dopaminergic neurons to diversify memory dynamics

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    The interplay of nitric oxide and dopamine specialize one memory unit in a fly brain in predicting the value of odors based only on recent experience.
    1. Cell Biology

    Age-dependent diastolic heart failure in an in vivo Drosophila model

    Matthew P Klassen et al.
    As in humans, Drosophila hearts are able to maintain contractile performance during healthy aging, but this maintenance is associated with an increased susceptibility to progressive dysrhythmias that can lead to fibrillatory arrest.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary networks of cortical somatostatin interneurons enforce layer specific control

    Alexander Naka et al.
    Subtypes of dendrite-targeting somatostatin cells segregate into separate networks by specifically connecting with neurons in different layers, forming circuits that could independently control different input pathways to the neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal V2b neurons reveal a role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control

    Rebecca A Callahan et al.
    Two anatomically and genetically distinct subtypes of spinal V2b neurons provide inhibition onto motor circuits and serve as a brake on locomotor speed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cortical anchoring of the microtubule cytoskeleton is essential for neuron polarity

    Liu He et al.
    UNC119 complexes the microtubule binding CRMP to the cortical Ankyrin to immobilize the microtubule cytoskeleton in Caenorhabditis elegans neurons.