3,195 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Amplitude modulations of cortical sensory responses in pulsatile evidence accumulation

    Sue Ann Koay et al.
    From as early as primary visual cortex and across posterior cortical areas, neural responses to visual pulses during an evidence-accumulation task exhibit a multitude of task-related amplitude modulations/gain changes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Emx2 regulates hair cell rearrangement but not positional identity within neuromasts

    Sho Ohta et al.
    Emx2 is not required for sibling HCs to acquire their designated locations within the neuromast, inferring that Emx2 mediates opposite HC orientation by changing location of hair bundle establishment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SARS-CoV-2 entry into human airway organoids is serine protease-mediated and facilitated by the multibasic cleavage site

    Anna Z Mykytyn et al.
    Whereas SARS-CoV-2 utilizes cathepsins to enter most cell lines, human airway organoids revealed that entry into relevant cells is dependent on serine proteases, which can be targeted for treatment.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure of dual BON-domain protein DolP identifies phospholipid binding as a new mechanism for protein localisation

    Jack Alfred Bryant et al.
    Analysis of the E. coli protein DolP reveals the first dual BON-domain structure and identifies phospholipid binding as a new mechanism for protein localisation to the outer membrane division site.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mixed cytomegalovirus genotypes in HIV-positive mothers show compartmentalization and distinct patterns of transmission to infants

    Juanita Pang et al.
    Genomic analyses provide new insights into natural history and pathogenesis of cytomegalovirus infection and suggest new testable hypotheses that could be important for the design and implementation of new vaccines.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pituitary stem cells produce paracrine WNT signals to control the expansion of their descendant progenitor cells

    John P Russell et al.
    Stem cells of the pituitary gland contribute to organ growth cell non-autonomously by promoting proliferation of committed progenitors through WNT ligand secretion.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial correlations constrain cellular lifespan and pattern formation in corneal epithelium homeostasis

    Lior Strinkovsky et al.
    Rejuvenation of corneal epithelium in homeostasis is determined by the interplay between corneal cells replicative lifespan and the spatial correlation between cell replication and cell removal.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A molecular mechanism for LINC complex branching by structurally diverse SUN-KASH 6:6 assemblies

    Manickam Gurusaran, Owen Richard Davies
    The LINC complex has a core 6:6 structure in which KASH-binding induces head-to-head interactions between SUN trimers, suggesting force transduction between cytoskeletal and nuclear components through branched LINC complex networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal low-frequency stimulation prevents seizure generation in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Enya Paschen et al.
    Optogenetic and electrical low-frequency stimulation in the sclerotic hippocampus prevents the emergence of spontaneous focal and evoked generalized seizures in a mouse epilepsy model.

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