631 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Her2 activation mechanism reflects evolutionary preservation of asymmetric ectodomain dimers in the human EGFR family

    Anton Arkhipov et al.
    The structural basis for Her2's role as a dedicated heterodimerization partner for other EGFR family receptors is elucidated with long-timescale atomistic simulations.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The brown adipocyte protein CIDEA promotes lipid droplet fusion via a phosphatidic acid-binding amphipathic helix

    David Barneda et al.
    An interaction between the brown fat protein CIDEA and the phospholipid phosphatidic acid is vital for the expansion of intracellular lipid droplets for energy storage.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The structural basis for dynamic DNA binding and bridging interactions which condense the bacterial centromere

    Gemma LM Fisher et al.
    A combination of structural, biochemical, single-molecule and in vivo methods are used to show how ParB locally condenses the bacterial chromosome near the origin and earmarks this region for segregation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Antiparallel protocadherin homodimers use distinct affinity- and specificity-mediating regions in cadherin repeats 1-4

    John M Nicoludis et al.
    Clustered and non-clustered protocadherins form antiparallel homodimers in which distinct regions of the extended interface demonstrate a division of labor between driving affinity and determining specificity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Obligate coupling of CFTR pore opening to tight nucleotide-binding domain dimerization

    Csaba Mihályi et al.
    Coupling of CFTR pore opening to nucleotide binding domain dimerization does not depend on ATP binding, but is an inherent property of the channel protein and likely other ABC transporters.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    γ-Protocadherin structural diversity and functional implications

    Kerry Marie Goodman et al.
    Crystal structures of γ-protocadherin cell-cell recognition dimers reveal the determinants of clustered protocadherin homophilic specificity and cis interaction region structures alongside mutagenesis data identify the putative cis interface.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A conformational switch regulates the ubiquitin ligase HUWE1

    Bodo Sander et al.
    The cancer-associated human ubiquitin ligase HUWE1 can adopt an auto-inhibited dimeric state, whose occupancy is regulated by competing intra- and intermolecular interactions of the dimerization region and by the tumor suppressor p14ARF.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Differences in interactions between transmembrane domains tune the activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors

    Jordana K Thibado et al.
    Homo- and heterodimeric group II metabotropic glutamate receptors show diverse modes of interaction between transmembrane domains that control their distinct assembly and activation properties.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane transporter dimerization driven by differential lipid solvation energetics of dissociated and associated states

    Rahul Chadda et al.
    Differences in the lipid solvation energetics of associated and dissociated states is a primary driving force for membrane protein oligomerization, presenting a molecular mechanism for lipid regulation in biology.
    1. Cell Biology

    Regulation of the PI3K pathway through a p85α monomer–homodimer equilibrium

    Lydia WT Cheung et al.
    The p85α homodimer plays a role in the PI3K pathway by regulating PTEN function.

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