625 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Activation of Discs large by aPKC aligns the mitotic spindle to the polarity axis during asymmetric cell division

    Ognjen Golub et al.
    The Par complex controls spindle orientation during asymmetric cell division by phosphorylating the tumor suppressor Discs large, overcoming its autoinhibited state, and allowing it to bind the microtubule-binding protein GukHolder.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The exon junction complex regulates the splicing of cell polarity gene dlg1 to control Wingless signaling in development

    Min Liu et al.
    The exon junction complex regulates the cell polarity determinant Discs large 1, which acts independently from its role in cell polarity to protect Dishevelled protein from lysosomal degradation in Wingless/Wnt signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A library of MiMICs allows tagging of genes and reversible, spatial and temporal knockdown of proteins in Drosophila

    Sonal Nagarkar-Jaiswal et al.
    A large collection of functional EGFP tagged proteins derived from MiMIC insertions allows examination of protein expression in unfixed tissues and efficient tissue specific reversible knock down of proteins.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dlg1 activates beta-catenin signaling to regulate retinal angiogenesis and the blood-retina and blood-brain barriers

    Chris Cho et al.
    Discs large homologue 1 (Dlg1) activates beta-catenin (i.e., canonical Wnt) signaling in CNS endothelial cells to regulate retinal angiogenesis and the development and maintenance of the blood-brain and blood-retina barriers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vision: Framing orientation selectivity

    Floris P de Lange, Matthias Ekman
    The ongoing debate on the neural basis of orientation selectivity in the primary visual cortex continues.
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    1. Neuroscience

    The perception and misperception of optical defocus, shading, and shape

    Scott WJ Mooney et al.
    The human visual system uses sharp edges to distinguish a smooth, shaded surface from a surface blurred by optical defocus.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apicomplexan-like parasites are polyphyletic and widely but selectively dependent on cryptic plastid organelles

    Jan Janouškovec et al.
    Apicomplexan-like parasites originated several times independently and many of them contain cryptic plastid organelles, which demonstrate that the parasites evolved from photosynthetic algae.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The role of structural pleiotropy and regulatory evolution in the retention of heteromers of paralogs

    Axelle Marchant et al.
    Regulatory evolution allows paralogs to escape from strucural pleiotropy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Extraocular, rod-like photoreceptors in a flatworm express xenopsin photopigment

    Kate A Rawlinson et al.
    A new opsin receptor is light-sensitive and expressed in a unique type of photoreceptor in a flatworm that encloses over 400 sensory cilia within its cell membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unsupervised discovery of temporal sequences in high-dimensional datasets, with applications to neuroscience

    Emily L Mackevicius et al.
    Building on simple unsupervised matrix factorization techniques, the seqNMF algorithm successfully recovers neural sequences in a wide range of simulated and real datasets.

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