6,538 results found
    1. Ecology

    Bleaching causes loss of disease resistance within the threatened coral species Acropora cervicornis

    Erinn M Muller et al.
    Standing genetic variation for disease resistance may be continuously lost during recurring warm water episodes because of widespread susceptibility of disease-resistant genotypes to bleaching and the independence between these two traits.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Seasonal variation and etiologic inferences of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea mortality in India

    Daniel S Farrar et al.
    Nationally-representative verbal autopsies can be linked to seasonal patterns, clinical syndromes, and climate regions to describe novel insights regarding the microbiologic etiologies of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea in India.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies

    Christopher D Pull et al.
    Upon detecting a fatal infection using chemical cues, ants puncture the cuticle of sick brood and inject antimicrobial poison that disrupts the pathogen's life cycle and prevents it from reproducing, thus protecting the colony from disease.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of alpha-synuclein fibrils

    Ricardo Guerrero-Ferreira et al.
    The alpha-synuclein fibril structure reported here buries residues 50-57 at the interface between its two protofilaments, suggesting that familial Parkinson's disease associated mutations in these residues lead to a structure not compatible with the one presented here.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase DYRK1A reciprocally regulates the differentiation of Th17 and regulatory T cells

    Bernard Khor et al.
    A chemical biology approach has identified the kinase DYRK1A as a new regulator of the inflammatory response.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Data-driven identification of potential Zika virus vectors

    Michelle V Evans et al.
    Data-driven methods predict over 35 mosquitoes are potential vectors of Zika virus, suggesting a larger geographic area and a greater human population is at risk of infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IRF4 haploinsufficiency in a family with Whipple’s disease

    Antoine Guérin et al.
    Autosomal dominant IRF4 deficiency is the first genetic etiology of Whipple's disease, a very rare chronic condition following a rather common infection by Tropheryma whipplei.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Discovery of surrogate agonists for visceral fat Treg cells that modulate metabolic indices in vivo

    Ricardo A Fernandes et al.
    Surrogate agonist peptide ligands discovered through screening of an IAb-peptide library potentiate expansion of visceral adipose tissue resident regulatory T cells and protect mice from inflammation and improve metabolic indices.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of strategy in bacterial warfare via the regulation of bacteriocins and antibiotics

    Rene Niehus et al.
    Evolutionary game theory identifies reciprocation as a key winning strategy for warring bacteria.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A fully automated high-throughput workflow for 3D-based chemical screening in human midbrain organoids

    Henrik Renner et al.
    Automated liquid handling, whole mount staining, and clearing allow unbiased 3D quantitation of cell markers in human neural organoids with diameters of up to 1 mm at the single-cell level.

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