86 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Estimating effectiveness of case-area targeted response interventions against cholera in Haiti

    Edwige Michel et al.
    Case-area targeted interventions conducted by rapid response teams appeared significantly effective to mitigate and shorten local cholera outbreaks in the Centre department of Haiti in 2015-2017.
  1. Point of View: Mitigating the impact of conference and travel cancellations on researchers’ futures

    Tracey Weissgerber et al.
    As the scientific community adapts to new working conditions in response to the growing pandemic, early-career researchers recommend actions to help lessen the unintended consequences of canceled conferences.
    1. Ecology

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Mouse illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into mammalian biology from the wild house mouse Mus musculus

    Megan Phifer-Rixey, Michael W Nachman
    Studies of the house mouse Mus musculus have provided important insights into mammalian biology, and efforts to study wild house mice and to create new inbred strains from wild populations have the potential to increase its usefulness as a model system.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Science Forum: A Global lmmunological Observatory to meet a time of pandemics

    Michael J Mina et al.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has clearly demonstrated the need for a global system to monitor the dynamics of susceptibility and immunity, as well as infection, during epidemics and pandemics.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Rat illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The Norway rat, from an obnoxious pest to a laboratory pet

    Klaudia Modlinska, Wojciech Pisula
    The rat is much more than a simple model, and a better appreciation of the natural history of wild rats would increase its value as a research organism.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Estimates of the global burden of Japanese encephalitis and the impact of vaccination from 2000-2015

    Tran Minh Quan et al.
    Modelling analysis reveals the burden of Japanese Encephalitis is greater than previously thought, and although vaccination has reduced burden, there are remaining places with a great need for vaccination.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dominant Vibrio cholerae phage exhibits lysis inhibition sensitive to disruption by a defensive phage satellite

    Stephanie G Hays, Kimberley D Seed
    Genetic and molecular analyses identify and characterize an evolutionary battle over lysis timing wherein a bacteriophage delays lysis through lysis inhibition while a defensive phage satellite accelerates lysis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Differential occupational risks to healthcare workers from SARS-CoV-2 observed during a prospective observational study

    David W Eyre et al.
    Risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection in healthcare workers included caring for Covid-19 patients, Black or Asian ethnicity, and Covid-19-positive household contacts, whereas a bundle of PPE-related measures protected ICU staff.

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