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4,118 results found
    1. Ecology

    Bleaching causes loss of disease resistance within the threatened coral species Acropora cervicornis

    Erinn M Muller et al.
    Standing genetic variation for disease resistance may be continuously lost during recurring warm water episodes because of widespread susceptibility of disease-resistant genotypes to bleaching and the independence between these two traits.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Plant Biology

    Structural basis of pathogen recognition by an integrated HMA domain in a plant NLR immune receptor

    A Maqbool et al.
    Structure/function studies of a plant pathogen effector in complex with a host disease resistance protein domain reveal the molecular basis for recognition and underpin future engineering of immunity in crops.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Spontaneous dormancy protects Trypanosoma cruzi during extended drug exposure

    Fernando J Sánchez-Valdéz et al.
    Intracellular amastigotes of the Chagas disease agent Trypanosoma cruzi can spontaneously enter an extended state of replicative dormancy, during which time they are resistant to drug treatment both in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Plant Biology

    Identification and characterisation of hypomethylated DNA loci controlling quantitative resistance in Arabidopsis

    Leonardo Furci et al.
    Analysis of epigenetic recombinant inbred lines of Arabidopsis identified four hypomethylated DNA loci controlling quantitative disease resistance, which is associated with genome-wide priming of defence genes without affecting plant growth.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In-host population dynamics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex during active disease

    Roger Vargas et al.
    Bulk whole genome sequencing data can be used to study the genetic variation present in pathogenic bacterial populations over the time-course of a single infection within a host.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CD163 and pAPN double-knockout pigs are resistant to PRRSV and TGEV and exhibit decreased susceptibility to PDCoV while maintaining normal production performance

    Kui Xu et al.
    The double-gene-knockout pig is a valuable model to help understand the mechanisms of CD163 and pAPN in the infection of multiple viruses and offers excellent breeding materials for disease-resistant pigs.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Viral-inducible Argonaute18 confers broad-spectrum virus resistance in rice by sequestering a host microRNA

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    The cooperative antiviral activity of two distinct AGO proteins could be exploited to provide a new strategy for controlling viral diseases in rice.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary genomics of epidemic visceral leishmaniasis in the Indian subcontinent

    Hideo Imamura et al.
    Genome sequencing reveals the evolution and epidemiology of Leishmania donovani in the Indian subcontinent, where epidemics have caused up to 30,000 deaths per year.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    UBE2G1 governs the destruction of cereblon neomorphic substrates

    Gang Lu et al.
    Cereblon-based small-molecule degraders rely on the sequential action of ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes UBE2G1 and UBE2D3 to assemble K48-linked polyubiquitin chains on cereblon neomorphic substrates, resulting in their proteasomal degradation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expression levels of MHC class I molecules are inversely correlated with promiscuity of peptide binding

    Paul E Chappell et al.
    The number of different peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex class I molecules to the immune system's T lymphocytes is inversely correlated with cell surface expression and is strongly associated with the response to infectious disease.

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