171 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory neurons are more disinhibited than inhibitory neurons by chloride dysregulation in the spinal dorsal horn

    Kwan Yeop Lee et al.
    The flow of somatosensory information through the spinal dorsal horn is regulated by synaptic inhibition, which acts upon excitatory and inhibitory interneurons, but the former are especially prone to disinhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural activity related to volitional regulation of cortical excitability

    Kathy Ruddy et al.
    Changing brain state using feedback from transcranial magnetic stimulation, by training participants to increase or decrease how excitable their motor pathways are.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons projecting to medial shell of the nucleus accumbens drive heroin reinforcement

    Julie Corre et al.
    Disinhibition of dopamine neurons in the midbrain drives heroin reinforcement, the initial step towards opioid addiction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Induced sensorimotor cortex plasticity remediates chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect

    Jacinta O'Shea et al.
    Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.
    1. Neuroscience

    Removal of inhibition uncovers latent movement potential during preparation

    Uday K Jagadisan, Neeraj J Gandhi
    Non-invasive disinhibition of the oculomotor system shows that ongoing preparatory activity in the superior colliculus has movement-generating potential and need not rise to threshold in order to produce a saccade.
    1. Neuroscience

    Electrocorticographic dissociation of alpha and beta rhythmic activity in the human sensorimotor system

    Arjen Stolk et al.
    Direct cortical recordings in humans link the spectral structure of local field potentials to inhibition/disinhibition mechanisms coordinating sensorimotor neuronal populations during movement imagery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prefrontal dopamine regulates fear reinstatement through the downregulation of extinction circuits

    Natsuko Hitora-Imamura et al.
    Prefrontal dopamine regulates inhibition of fear extinction circuits in the infralimbic cortex and disinhibition of fear expression circuits in the amygdala, leading to fear reinstatement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cre-assisted fine-mapping of neural circuits using orthogonal split inteins

    Haojiang Luan et al.
    A genetic method allows neurons to be individually identified and characterized by combining information about both their developmental origins and their mature patterns of gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Short-term modulation of the lesioned language network

    Gesa Hartwigsen et al.
    Virtual lesions of the left posterior inferior frontal gyrus in patients with lesions in the left temporo-parietal cortex disrupt phonologial decisions and lead to compensatory upregulation of the lesion homologue.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning-related population dynamics in the auditory thalamus

    Ariel Gilad et al.
    The auditory thalamus encodes higher-order information that emerges while learning an auditory discrimination task.

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