859 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Direct visualization of a native Wnt in vivo reveals that a long-range Wnt gradient forms by extracellular dispersal

    Ariel M Pani, Bob Goldstein
    Free, extracellular dispersal of Wnt proteins generates a long-range gradient during animal development and is required for signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A nanobody-based toolset to investigate the role of protein localization and dispersal in Drosophila

    Stefan Harmansa et al.
    Functionalized protein binders, anchored to specific regions along the cell cortex, provide a novel approach to directly modify protein localization and dispersal in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Conserved RNA-binding specificity of polycomb repressive complex 2 is achieved by dispersed amino acid patches in EZH2

    Yicheng Long et al.
    Biochemical and mutagenesis analysis reveal the long-anticipated RNA-binding elements of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), an important chromatin modifier, allowing construction of separation-of-function mutants of PRC2 defective in RNA binding but retaining histone-modifying activity.
  1. Eph and Ephrin function in dispersal and epithelial insertion of pigmented immunocytes in sea urchin embryos

    Oliver A Krupke et al.
    Eph receptor signaling commonly excludes migrating embryonic cells from regions of high ligand density; however, in sea urchin embryos pigmented immunocytes are attracted to regions expressing high levels of Ephrin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Holocentromeres are dispersed point centromeres localized at transcription factor hotspots

    Florian A Steiner, Steven Henikoff
    Worm holocentromeres show a polycentric distribution, with each site containing a single centromeric nucleosome and also being targeted by multiple transcription factors.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A large genomic insertion containing a duplicated follistatin gene is linked to the pea aphid male wing dimorphism

    Binshuang Li et al.
    The application of long-read sequencing to the pea aphid wing dimorphism system reveals genomic structural divergence as a genetic mechanism of adaptation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Unravelling the history of hepatitis B virus genotypes A and D infection using a full-genome phylogenetic and phylogeographic approach

    Evangelia-Georgia Kostaki et al.
    Considerable differences are observed in the global dissemination patterns of HBV-D and HBV-A, the genotypes of which have putative origins in North Africa/Middle East (HBV-D) and the Middle East/Central Asia (HBV-A).
    1. Neuroscience

    Regulation of two motor patterns enables the gradual adjustment of locomotion strategy in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Ingrid Hums et al.
    Peptidergic neurons regulate undulation and turning movements to enable Caenorhabditis elegans to gradually adjust its locomotion strategy from dispersal to local search.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant immune and growth receptors share common signalling components but localise to distinct plasma membrane nanodomains

    Christoph A Bücherl et al.
    Although genetically and biochemically linked, the plant immune and growth receptors FLS2 and BRI1 form dispersed receptor clusters within the plasma membrane that are spatiotemporally separated.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    A large field of view two-photon mesoscope with subcellular resolution for in vivo imaging

    Nicholas James Sofroniew et al.
    An optical microscopy approach with an ultra-large field of view but retained subcellular resolution allows simultaneous imaging of neural activity in widely dispersed brain regions.

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