The C-terminus of A2A receptor drives oligomer formation via an intricate network of disulfide bonds, hydrogen bonds, electrostatic interactions, and hydrophobic interactions, all of which are enhanced by depletion interactions.
The mechanism identified here that mediates olanzapine-induced b-cell dysfunction should be considered, along with weight gain, in mitigating adverse side effects when patients with schizophrenia are prescribed olanzapine.
Proinsulin misfolding, an established cause of diabetes in patients with INS gene mutations, is now observed in normal human pancreatic islets, and rodents with genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes.
Signal-peptide cleavage of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein is delayed because of alpha-helical structure covering the cleavage site, effecting early cleavage alters the folding pathway and resulting in localized misfolding and reduced viral fitness.
Structural and functional analysis of a new class of low-molecular-weight antibody fragments, derived from bovine immunoglobulins, reveals their therapeutic potential against C5, a target for refractory inflammatory diseases.
An in vivo disulfide crosslinking assay shows preferential disassembly of nucleosomes with two H2A.Z histones by transcription machinery in yeast and conjugation to one or two ubiquitin moieties in human cells.