461 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Proinsulin misfolding is an early event in the progression to type 2 diabetes

    Anoop Arunagiri et al.
    Proinsulin misfolding, an established cause of diabetes in patients with INS gene mutations, is now observed in normal human pancreatic islets, and rodents with genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mechano-redox control of integrin de-adhesion

    Freda Passam et al.
    Ligand binding, force and chemistry combine to control the function of a cell surface receptor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mia40 is a trans-site receptor that drives protein import into the mitochondrial intermembrane space by hydrophobic substrate binding

    Valentina Peleh et al.
    The import of proteins into the intermembrane space of mitochondria is driven by binding to the trans-site receptor Mia40 and not by the oxidation of cysteine residues.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Binary architecture of the Nav1.2-β2 signaling complex

    Samir Das et al.
    X-ray crystallography reveals new conceptual insights into the location of the β2-subunit in the Nav channel signaling complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Inter-domain dynamics drive cholesterol transport by NPC1 and NPC1L1 proteins

    Piyali Saha et al.
    Molecular analysis of cholesterol transport by NPC1 and NPC1L1 proteins reveals that cholesterol likely moves through these transporters, and ezetimibe blocks NPC1L1 by binding at the interface between multiple domains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Molecular organization and dynamics of the fusion protein Gc at the hantavirus surface

    Eduardo A Bignon et al.
    Hantavirus spikes are related laterally by 2-fold Gc contacts that can be disulfide-linked and display a temperature-dependent dynamic behavior at neutral pH, exposing and masking the Gc fusion loops.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Acidic pH and divalent cation sensing by PhoQ are dispensable for systemic salmonellae virulence

    Kevin G Hicks et al.
    Receptor recognition of antimicrobial peptides is important for Salmonellae to survive inside macrophages and cause disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    Antipsychotic olanzapine-induced misfolding of proinsulin in the endoplasmic reticulum accounts for atypical development of diabetes

    Satoshi Ninagawa et al.
    The mechanism identified here that mediates olanzapine-induced b-cell dysfunction should be considered, along with weight gain, in mitigating adverse side effects when patients with schizophrenia are prescribed olanzapine.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An ultralong CDRH2 in HCV neutralizing antibody demonstrates structural plasticity of antibodies against E2 glycoprotein

    Andrew I Flyak et al.
    The crystal structure of neutralizing antibody AR3X in complex with HCV E2 glycoprotein reveals unusual features of antibody recognition in which a conserved epitope is recognized by distinct antibody poses.

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