421 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Resource plasticity-driven carbon-nitrogen budgeting enables specialization and division of labor in a clonal community

    Sriram Varahan et al.
    Sufficient aspartate drives specialization within a microbial colony, when some cells use it to create a limited carbon-resource, while other cells consume this resource and use aspartate for nucleotide synthesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Topological constraints in early multicellularity favor reproductive division of labor

    David Yanni et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that reproductive specialization is strongly favored in sparse networks of cellular interactions that reflect the morphology of early multicellular organisms, even when benefits of specialization are saturating.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Heterogeneity in surface sensing suggests a division of labor in Pseudomonas aeruginosa populations

    Catherine R Armbruster et al.
    Subpopulations of polysaccharide producer and surface explorer cells play specialized roles in early Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genes associated with ant social behavior show distinct transcriptional and evolutionary patterns

    Alexander S Mikheyev, Timothy A Linksvayer
    Genes associated with age-based division of labor in ants exist in distinct regulatory and evolutionary contexts; genes up-regulated in young nurses are loosely connected and rapidly evolving while genes up-regulated in old foragers are highly connected and conserved.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tachykinin signaling inhibits task-specific behavioral responsiveness in honeybee workers

    Bin Han et al.
    Neuropeptide tachykinin signaling acts as master regulator of behavioral specialization in honeybees by differentially modulating worker responsiveness to task-specific stimuli.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metabolism: Division of labor in bacteria

    Alma Dal Co et al.
    The emergence of subpopulations that perform distinct metabolic roles has been observed in populations of genetically identical bacteria.
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    1. Ecology

    A small number of workers with specific personality traits perform tool use in ants

    István Maák et al.
    The likelihood to perform tool use during foraging is linked to personality traits in ants, suggesting an original interplay between consistent inter-individual variability and division of labor in social species.
    1. Cell Biology

    Division of labour between PP2A-B56 isoforms at the centromere and kinetochore

    Giulia Vallardi et al.
    Distinct PP2A-B56 complexes use isoform-selective interactions to localise to either the centromere or kinetochore and control different processes during mitosis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial symbiont subpopulations have different roles in a deep-sea symbiosis

    Tjorven Hinzke et al.
    Physiological differentiation during symbiosis leads to division of labor between smaller and larger cells in an uncultured bacterial tubeworm symbiont population and results in remarkable metabolic diversity and complexity.

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