242 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning differentially shapes prefrontal and hippocampal activity during classical conditioning

    Jan L Klee et al.
    CA1 and PFC bridge the temporal gap between cue and reward delivery during trace conditioning according to different underlying coding principles and task-related activity is reactivated during awake Sharp-Wave Ripples.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic dichotomy of accumbal population activity underlies cocaine sensitization

    Ruud van Zessen et al.
    Cocaine elicits opposing activity changes in D1R vs D2R spiny projection neurons of the nucleus accumbens with much variability, subsequent recruitment of a subset of D1R neurons drives behavioral sensitization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Skipping ahead: A circuit for representing the past, present, and future

    Jennifer C Robinson, Mark P Brandon
    A circuit between the hippocampus, nucleus reunions, and prefrontal cortex organizes information about the past, present, and future into alternating theta sequences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coherent theta activity in the medial and orbital frontal cortices encodes reward value

    Linda M Amarante, Mark Laubach
    The more you want it or the better it is, the stronger is medial frontal theta (paraphrased from a retweet of the preprint by Dr James Hyman).
    1. Neuroscience

    Developmental change in prefrontal cortex recruitment supports the emergence of value-guided memory

    Kate Nussenbaum, Catherine A Hartley
    The use of prior experience to adaptively prioritize information in memory increases from childhood to adulthood and engages corticostriatal circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    L-DOPA modulates activity in the vmPFC, nucleus accumbens, and VTA during threat extinction learning in humans

    Roland Esser et al.
    Encoding an expected, but absent, threat is modulated by dopaminergic neurotransmission that regulates success of extinction learning in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable neural signatures of confidence during perceptual decisions

    Tarryn Balsdon et al.
    Neural processes for perception and confidence can be separated thanks to computational electroencephalography, thus revealing a neural circuit specific to metacognition.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal timescales are functionally dynamic and shaped by cortical microarchitecture

    Richard Gao et al.
    Invasive electrophysiological recording measures neuronal transmembrane current timescales across human cortex, which lengthens from sensory to association regions, follows variations in ion channel expressions, and alters with behavior and aging.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms of modulations of empathy and altruism by beliefs of others’ pain

    Taoyu Wu, Shihui Han
    Beliefs of others’ pain provide a cognitive basis of human empathy and altruism by modulating empathic brain activity.

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