11,030 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Derivation of trophoblast stem cells from naïve human pluripotent stem cells

    Chen Dong et al.
    Naive hPSCs can readily give rise to human trophoblast stem cells, thus demonstrating their extraembryonic lineage potential and providing a new model system to study human trophectoderm specification.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural selection and repeated patterns of molecular evolution following allopatric divergence

    Yibo Dong et al.
    The genomic architecture of allopatric species is a mosaic of many conserved genes and a few adaptive ones, reflecting balance between conservation of ancestral functions and evolution of new features.
    1. Neuroscience

    Connectomics of the zebrafish's lateral-line neuromast reveals wiring and miswiring in a simple microcircuit

    Eliot Dow et al.
    The technique of serial blockface scanning electron microscopy, which permits the complete reconstruction of neuronal structures, allows comparison of the detailed "wiring diagrams" of lateral-line receptor organs in wild-type and mutant zebrafish.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The synaptonemal complex has liquid crystalline properties and spatially regulates meiotic recombination factors

    Ofer Rog et al.
    Formation of a phase-separated interface between homologous chromosomes during meiosis enables regulatory signals to spread in cis over long distances, illuminating the longstanding mystery of crossover interference.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cohabiting family members share microbiota with one another and with their dogs

    Se Jin Song et al.
    Research on humans and dogs reveals that the communities of microorganisms found on the skin, on the tongue and in the intestine are affected differently by age and cohabitation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Transient nuclear Prospero induces neural progenitor quiescence

    Sen-Lin Lai, Chris Q Doe
    A low-level pulse of the nuclear Prospero protein is necessary and sufficient to cause neural progenitor cells to enter a quiescent state.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Mitochondrial genetic diversity, selection and recombination in a canine transmissible cancer

    Andrea Strakova et al.
    Genetics of a canine transmissible tumour show how the world’s oldest cancer “metastasised” through the global dog population – and captured, maintained and rearranged its mitochondrial DNA along the way.
    1. Ecology

    Climate-driven deoxygenation elevates fishing vulnerability for the ocean's widest ranging shark

    Marisa Vedor et al.
    Habitats of satellite-tracked blue sharks were shifted surfaceward by an oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) at depth thereby increasing their susceptibility to capture by longline fishing focused above the OMZ.
    1. Medicine

    Weight loss, insulin resistance, and study design confound results in a meta-analysis of animal models of fatty liver

    Harriet Hunter et al.
    Animal studies of fatty liver disease over-estimate the benefit of drugs due to publication bias and are confounded by off-target weight loss, illustrating the challenge of successful translational across species.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Precise regulation of the guidance receptor DMA-1 by KPC-1/Furin instructs dendritic branching decisions

    Xintong Dong et al.
    The enzyme KPC-1/Furin down-regulates the DMA-1 receptor in neurons, allowing growing dendrites to migrate away from intermediate targets.

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