55 results found
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The Norway rat, from an obnoxious pest to a laboratory pet

    Klaudia Modlinska, Wojciech Pisula
    The rat is much more than a simple model, and a better appreciation of the natural history of wild rats would increase its value as a research organism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptive evolution of an essential telomere protein restricts telomeric retrotransposons

    Bastien Saint-Leandre et al.
    Evolution strictly preserves telomere stability but rapidly diversifies telomere length regulation in Drosophila.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting on prosociality in corvids

    Lisa Horn et al.
    A systematic experimental comparison of prosocial behavior in eight corvid species reveals sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting, thereby adding important new insights regarding the evolution of prosociality.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Six domesticated PiggyBac transposases together carry out programmed DNA elimination in Paramecium

    Julien Bischerour et al.
    The machinery that carries out programmed DNA rearrangements is composed of domesticated transposases. One is catalytically active, five play architectural function essential for the accuracy of the process.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Reconstructing the functions of endosymbiotic Mollicutes in fungus-growing ants

    Panagiotis Sapountzis et al.
    Domestication of endosymbiotic Mollicutes may have resolved nitrogen-recycling challenges for attine ants and enabled the evolutionary derived leaf-cutting ants to fully exploit their herbivorous niches.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Telomeres: Change and HOAP for the best

    Claudia Castillo-González, Dorothy E Shippen
    HOAP is a telomere-binding protein that has a conserved role in Drosophila, but it also needs to evolve quickly to restrict telomeric retrotransposons.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: New opportunities at the wild frontier

    Jane Alfred, Ian T Baldwin
    A better understanding of the natural history of model organisms will increase their value as model systems and also keep them at the forefront of research.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: From molecular manipulation of domesticated Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to survival in nature

    Severin Sasso et al.
    Dubbed the 'green yeast', the model alga C. reinhardtii has profoundly advanced many areas of biology, but much remains to be learnt about its life in the wild.

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