427 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-thalamic origin of zebrafish sensory nuclei implies convergent evolution of visual pathways in amniotes and teleosts

    Solal Bloch et al.
    Mesencephalic origin of the zebrafish thalamocortical-like visual projection neurons indicates independent evolution of tectofugal visual pathways in amniotes and teleosts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Neural arbitration between social and individual learning systems

    Andreea Oliviana Diaconescu et al.
    Arbitration is formalised as the relative precision of predictions afforded by reward and social learning systems and is represented in modality-specific dopaminergic and dopaminoceptive regions, including the midbrain and amygdala.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of chloride dynamics on substantia nigra pars reticulata responses to pallidal and striatal inputs

    Ryan S Phillips et al.
    The effects of chloride homeostasis can explain diverse responses of basal ganglia output neurons to putatively inhibitory inputs and may tune these neurons' synchrony, oscillations and behavior in decision-making scenarios.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The identification of dual protective agents against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity using the zebrafish model

    Jaime N Wertman et al.
    L-mimosine and dopamine protect against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity in zebrafish and human cell line models.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Chemical and structural investigation of the paroxetine-human serotonin transporter complex

    Jonathan A Coleman et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of the mechanism of paroxetine binding to the serotonin transporter provides a framework for transporter inhibition and design of small-molecule inhibitors.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    What is the true discharge rate and pattern of the striatal projection neurons in Parkinson’s disease and Dystonia?

    Dan Valsky et al.
    Aberrant striatal signaling does not induce drastic changes in the spontaneous discharge rate and pattern of the striatal projection neurons in Parkinson’s disease and Dystonia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Axonal mechanisms mediating γ-aminobutyric acid receptor type A (GABA-A) inhibition of striatal dopamine release

    Paul F Kramer et al.
    GABA-A receptors on dopamine neuron axons not only depolarize the membrane but also limit action potential propagation, an effect potentiated by positive allosteric modulators of GABA-A receptors like diazepam (Valium).
    1. Neuroscience

    Amphetamine reduces reward encoding and stabilizes neural dynamics in rat anterior cingulate cortex

    Saeedeh Hashemnia et al.
    Amphetamine reduces reward signaling by neurons in rat prefrontal cortex, but increases the stability of population dynamics, which account for animals’ increased task engagement, despite reduced reward motivation.

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