435 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic dichotomy of accumbal population activity underlies cocaine sensitization

    Ruud van Zessen et al.
    Cocaine elicits opposing activity changes in D1R vs D2R spiny projection neurons of the nucleus accumbens with much variability, subsequent recruitment of a subset of D1R neurons drives behavioral sensitization.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Social-like responses are inducible in asocial Mexican cavefish despite the exhibition of strong repetitive behavior

    Motoko Iwashita, Masato Yoshizawa
    A new tracking method revealed the social-like interactions in the Mexican blind cavefish, which was thought to be evolutionarily lost, and also demonstrated its mammal-like antagonistic association between the social-like interaction and repetitive behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent Golgi satellite formation in dendrites reshapes the neuronal surface glycoproteome

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    Neuronal activity triggers the dispersal of the Golgi into dendritic Golgi satellites, leading to reshaping of the neuronal surface glycoproteome through processing of glycans to mature, sialic acid-containing forms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modeling spinal locomotor circuits for movements in developing zebrafish

    Yann Roussel et al.
    Computational models of spinal locomotor circuits in developing zebrafish reveal how new movements can emerge during development through the integration of new spinal neurons and new connections.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Unbiased identification of novel transcription factors in striatal compartmentation and striosome maturation

    Maria-Daniela Cirnaru et al.
    RNAseq and ATACseq are utilized to identify transcription factors participating in striatal compartmentation into striosome and matrix, and roles for Stat1, Olig2, and Foxf2 are validated in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    A reduction in voluntary physical activity in early pregnancy in mice is mediated by prolactin

    Sharon R Ladyman et al.
    Despite voluntary exercise being rewarding to mice, pregnancy hormones act in the maternal brain to markedly reduce the time females choose to engage in this activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal premammillary projection to periaqueductal gray controls escape vigor from innate and conditioned threats

    Weisheng Wang et al.
    Activity in the hypothalamic dorsal premammillary nucleus predicts future escape from threat, represents escape velocity, and controls escape velocity via a projection to the brainstem.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A zebrafish screen reveals Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors as neuroprotective via mitochondrial restoration in dopamine neurons

    Gha-Hyun J Kim et al.
    In vivo dopamine neuron imaging-based neuroprotective small molecule screen in larval zebrafish and mechanistic investigation using conditional CRISPR knockout and cell-type-specific RNA-seq analysis, coupled with cross-species analyses including human clinical data interrogation, uncover potential disease-modifying therapeutics for Parkinson's disease (PD).
    1. Medicine

    Heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase allow the development of a first-in-class histamine-degrading biopharmaceutical

    Elisabeth Gludovacz et al.
    Because heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase (hDAO) block cellular uptake and strongly decrease clearance in vivo, modified recombinant hDAO might be a good candidate for the treatment of symptoms induced by excessive endogenous histamine release.

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