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    1. Neuroscience

    A connectome of a learning and memory center in the adult Drosophila brain

    Shin-ya Takemura et al.
    Connectomic analysis in the fly's (Drosophila) learning and memory center identifies unique circuit motifs that have not been anticipated by over 30 years of extensive anatomical, experimental and theoretical studies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila mushroom bodies integrate hunger and satiety signals to control innate food-seeking behavior

    Chang-Hui Tsao et al.
    Mushroom bodies are a hunger and satiety integrative center that controls food-seeking behavior in Drosophila..
    1. Neuroscience

    Combinatorial programming of human neuronal progenitors using magnetically-guided stoichiometric mRNA delivery

    Sayyed M Azimi et al.
    A technology allows rapid screening of vast numbers of transcriptional factor combinatorials on stem cell programming.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal synapses between mushroom body and dopamine neurons form a positive feedback loop required for learning

    Isaac Cervantes-Sandoval et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of axonal-axonal reciprocal connections between dopamine neurons and Kenyon cells provides insight into the brain computations for normal associative olfactory learning.
    1. Cell Biology

    A pathway for Parkinson’s Disease LRRK2 kinase to block primary cilia and Sonic hedgehog signaling in the brain

    Herschel S Dhekne et al.
    Pathogenic LRRK2kinase requires Rab10 and RILPL1 to block primary cilia formation, shortening cilia on cholinergic neurons needed for a hedgehog driven circuit that supports dopaminergic neurons in mouse brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple neurons encode CrebB dependent appetitive long-term memory in the mushroom body circuit

    Yves F Widmer et al.
    The transcription factor CrebB mediates long-term memory formation in different neurons within the mushroom body learning circuit, including mushroom body intrinsic and output neurons but not dopaminergic input neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    A role for descending auditory cortical projections in songbird vocal learning

    Yael Mandelblat-Cerf et al.
    Midbrain dopaminergic neurons and a cortex-like structure called the arcopallium form part of a circuit that enables young songbirds to compare their own song with a template stored in memory, and use any discrepancies to improve their performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal reactivation during post-learning sleep consolidates long-term memory in Drosophila

    Ugur Dag et al.
    Consolidation of long-term courtship memory in Drosophila is mediated by a novel class of sleep promoting neurons that reactivates dopaminergic neurons engaged earlier in memory acquisition during post-learning sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin functions as a spatiotemporal filter for excitatory synaptic inputs to VTA dopamine neurons

    Lei Xiao et al.
    Oxytocin, a peptide linked to the processing of socially meaningful stimuli, modulates excitatory synaptic transmission in dopaminergic neurons of ventral tegmental area via retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, acting as a pathway-specific temporal filter for synaptic inputs.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Deficiency of parkin and PINK1 impairs age-dependent mitophagy in Drosophila

    Tom Cornelissen et al.
    Mitophagy occurs in Drosophila flight muscle and dopaminergic neurons in vivo and increases with aging in a PINK1/parkin-dependent fashion.