256 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Pedunculopontine glutamatergic neurons control spike patterning in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons

    Daniel J Galtieri et al.
    Pedunculopontine neurons can evoke burst spiking in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons without engaging a subtype of glutamate receptor previously thought to be necessary for this spiking mode.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Correct setup of the substantia nigra requires Reelin-mediated fast, laterally-directed migration of dopaminergic neurons

    Ankita Ravi Vaswani et al.
    The first comprehensive insight into speed, trajectory and morphology profiles of tangentially migrating dopaminergic neurons and the alterations in their migratory behavior in absence of Reelin signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic neurons write and update memories with cell-type-specific rules

    Yoshinori Aso, Gerald M Rubin
    Building on previous work (Aso et al., 2014a; Aso et al., 2014b), cell-type-specific drivers and optogenetics are used to control the local release of dopamine and reveal that distinct learning rules are implemented in parallel memory units.
    1. Neuroscience

    Caenorhabditis elegans male sensory-motor neurons and dopaminergic support cells couple ejaculation and post-ejaculatory behaviors

    Brigitte LeBoeuf et al.
    In nematode worms, the length of the male refractory period–the time between matings–is regulated by multiple transmitters including dopamine, which both promotes ejaculation and reduces the activity of males post-copulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Embryonic and postnatal neurogenesis produce functionally distinct subclasses of dopaminergic neuron

    Elisa Galliano et al.
    In the mouse olfactory bulb, different types of local dopaminergic interneuron are produced before and after birth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Electrical and Ca2+ signaling in dendritic spines of substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons

    Travis A Hage et al.
    Dopaminergic cells uniquely receive input from a roughly equal mixture of synapses on dendritic spines and synapses formed directly on dendrites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-linear developmental trajectory of electrical phenotype in rat substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic neurons

    Martial A Dufour et al.
    The development of the electrical phenotype of neurons can be precisely quantified and dissected using a combination of multi-variate statistical analyses and a systematic electrophysiological characterization of electrical properties.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Imaging-based chemical screening reveals activity-dependent neural differentiation of pluripotent stem cells

    Yaping Sun et al.
    A chemical screen reveals that a compound used to treat a parasitic disease can trigger pluripotent stem cells to become neurons, uncovering a novel mechanism behind neuronal development.
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectome of a learning and memory center in the adult Drosophila brain

    Shin-ya Takemura et al.
    Connectomic analysis in the fly's (Drosophila) learning and memory center identifies unique circuit motifs that have not been anticipated by over 30 years of extensive anatomical, experimental and theoretical studies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila mushroom bodies integrate hunger and satiety signals to control innate food-seeking behavior

    Chang-Hui Tsao et al.
    Mushroom bodies are a hunger and satiety integrative center that controls food-seeking behavior in Drosophila..

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