149 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interplay between bacterial deubiquitinase and ubiquitin E3 ligase regulates ubiquitin dynamics on Legionella phagosomes

    Shuxin Liu et al.
    A novel bacterial deubiquitinase with multiple chain types specificity regulates the association of ubiquitinated proteins on the phagosome of Legionella pneumophila.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Bacterial OTU deubiquitinases regulate substrate ubiquitination upon Legionella infection

    Donghyuk Shin et al.
    A novel class of bacterial OTU deubiquitinases provides insights on the distinct roles of bacterial deubiquitinases in host–pathogen interactions.
    1. Neuroscience

    RIM is essential for stimulated but not spontaneous somatodendritic dopamine release in the midbrain

    Brooks G Robinson et al.
    Midbrain dopamine neurons use sophisticated secretory machinery to establish specialized sites for action potential-evoked release of dopamine from their cell bodies and dendrites.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cell-type heterogeneity in the early zebrafish olfactory epithelium is generated from progenitors within preplacodal ectoderm

    Raphaël Aguillon et al.
    Several neuronal subtypes found in the early zebrafish olfactory placode are not derived from the neural crest, as previously thought, but from the preplacodal ectoderm.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Rapid re-identification of human samples using portable DNA sequencing

    Sophie Zaaijer et al.
    DNA fingerprinting by portable nanopore sequencing is a novel re-identification method with applications in (clinical) laboratories and biobanks.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multimodal cell tracking from systemic administration to tumour growth by combining gold nanorods and reporter genes

    Joan Comenge et al.
    Combined cell labelling with a bi-cistronic reporter-gene vector and gold nanorods enables short- and long-term cell tracking in vivo via multimodal imaging (multispectral optoacoustic tomography, bioluminescence, fluorescence) with high spatial resolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated control of terminal differentiation and restriction of cellular plasticity

    Tulsi Patel, Oliver Hobert
    Transcription factors that specify the identity of individual neuron types via activating terminal differentiation gene batteries also restrict cellular plasticity via altering the chromatin landscape.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Thalidomide promotes degradation of SALL4, a transcription factor implicated in Duane Radial Ray syndrome

    Katherine A Donovan et al.
    Thalidomide and its derivates induce degradation of many C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factors, including SALL4, providing insight into a long-standing mystery in modern pharmacology, and starting points for future drug development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons drive fear extinction learning by signaling the omission of expected aversive outcomes

    Ximena I Salinas-Hernández et al.
    Dopamine signaling is necessary for normal fear extinction learning.

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