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    1. Neuroscience

    Separable gain control of ongoing and evoked activity in the visual cortex by serotonergic input

    Zohre Azimi et al.
    Serotonergic input to visual cortex controls ongoing and evoked activity in a separable manner via distinct receptor pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity patterns of serotonin neurons underlying cognitive flexibility

    Sara Matias et al.
    Recordings from serotonin-producing neurons in the brain reveal that these neurons are highly activated by sudden changes in previously familiar environments, potentially explaining why serotonin is important for learning to adapt to such changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A novel source of arterial valve cells linked to bicuspid aortic valve without raphe in mice

    Lorriane Eley et al.
    Identification of a novel source of progenitor cells that form arterial valve leaflets and that, when disrupted, can lead to bicuspid arterial valve, the most common human cardiac malformation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lmx1b is required at multiple stages to build expansive serotonergic axon architectures

    Lauren J Donovan et al.
    A continuously expressed LIM HD factor, Lmx1b, acts at successive stages to orchestrate the progressive morphological maturation of a long-range profusely arborized neuromodulatory axonal projection pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons signal aversion in a reward-context-dependent manner

    Hideyuki Matsumoto et al.
    Dopamine neurons signal value prediction errors (VPEs) integrating information about both reward and aversion, in low reward contexts, whereas VPEs in some dopamine neurons are distorted in high reward contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin interneurons activated by 5-HT2A receptor suppress slow oscillations in medial entorhinal cortex

    Roberto de Filippo et al.
    Somatostatin interneurons are novel mediators of serotonergic modulation in entorhinal cortex via activation of 5-HT2A receptors, a receptor involved in the etiology of different psychiatric disorders.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sodium channels implement a molecular leaky integrator that detects action potentials and regulates neuronal firing

    Marco A Navarro et al.
    Kinetic interactions between sodium channels and auxiliary factors create a molecular computational engine that can sense and regulate cellular excitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurophysiology: Serotonin's many meanings elude simple theories

    Peter Dayan, Quentin Huys
    Insight
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    1. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.