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    1. Cell Biology

    Identification of ubiquitin Ser57 kinases regulating the oxidative stress response in yeast

    Nathaniel L Hepowit et al.
    Ser57 phosphorylation of ubiquitin protects the cell during proteotoxic stress.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different neuronal populations mediate inflammatory pain analgesia by exogenous and endogenous opioids

    Xin-Yan Zhang et al.
    Exogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in glutamatergic neurons, whereas endogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in GABAergic neurons.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vascular control of the CO2/H+-dependent drive to breathe

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Understanding how loss of CO2/H+ vascular reactivity affects respiratory control may facilitate development of treatments for breathing problems in this population.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ubiquitin turnover and endocytic trafficking in yeast are regulated by Ser57 phosphorylation of ubiquitin

    Sora Lee et al.
    Ser57 phosphorylation regulates ubiquitin homeostasis by inhibiting deubiquitylase-mediated recycling and promoting vacuolar degradation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the transcriptional diversity of genetically and anatomically defined cell populations in the mouse brain

    Ken Sugino et al.
    A transcriptome dataset of nearly 200 genetically identified mouse neuronal cell types revealed that short low-noise homeobox transcription factors and long neuronal effector genes best distinguish neuronal cell types.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A novel source of arterial valve cells linked to bicuspid aortic valve without raphe in mice

    Lorriane Eley et al.
    Identification of a novel source of progenitor cells that form arterial valve leaflets and that, when disrupted, can lead to bicuspid arterial valve, the most common human cardiac malformation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The multi-subunit GID/CTLH E3 ubiquitin ligase promotes cell proliferation and targets the transcription factor Hbp1 for degradation

    Fabienne Lampert et al.
    Proteomic, biochemical and cell-based analyses of the heterodecameric core GID/CTLH E3 ligase complex reveal its molecular architecture, activity determinants, and function in targeting the tumor suppressor Hbp1 and other substrates required for cell proliferation.