692 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair deficiency endows tumors with a unique mutation signature and sensitivity to DNA double-strand breaks

    Hui Zhao et al.
    A comprehensive catalogue of somatic mutations accumulating in MMR-deficient tumors highlights their relevance in the context of human genetic evolution, for the diagnosis of microsatellite instability and the provision of targeted treatment options.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Synergy between SIRT1 and SIRT6 helps recognize DNA breaks and potentiates the DNA damage response and repair in humans and mice

    Fanbiao Meng et al.
    SIRT1 deacetylates SIRT6 at K33 to facilitate DNA double-strand breaks-recognition, subsequent expansion and local chromatin remodeling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits host ATM kinase for survival advantage through SecA2 secretome

    Savita Lochab et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), effectors secreted through SecA2 pathway cause double strand breaks (DSBs) in the host DNA, which in turn activates ATM kinase to gain survival advantages, through Akt.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Sexual Reproduction: Reading the epigenetic code for exchanging DNA

    Mathilde Biot, Bernard de Massy
    Three independent studies show that a protein called ZCWPW1 is able to recognize the histone modifications that initiate the recombination of genetic information during meiosis.
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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for ion selectivity in TMEM175 K+ channels

    Janine D Brunner et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of a recently discovered non-canonical potassium channel family reveals a unique selectivity filter that is exposed to permeating ions only in the conductive state.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Distinct roles for S. cerevisiae H2A copies in recombination and repeat stability, with a role for H2A.1 threonine 126

    Nealia CM House et al.
    Despite differing by only one amino acid in the C-terminal tail, copy 1 of yeast histone 2A has a repair-specific role not shared by copy 2.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Identification of a molecular basis for the juvenile sleep state

    Leela Chakravarti Dilley et al.
    Pdm3, a transcription factor, coordinates an early developmental program that prepares the brain to later execute high levels of juvenile adult sleep.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chromatin accessibility dynamics and single cell RNA-Seq reveal new regulators of regeneration in neural progenitors

    Anneke Dixie Kakebeen et al.
    Regenerating neural progenitors of the Xenopus tropicalis tail prioritize differentiation to motor neuron types earlier than proliferation, a decision partly regulated by the transcription factors Pbx3 and Meis1.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Metabolic and non-metabolic liver zonation is established non-synchronously and requires sinusoidal Wnts

    Ruihua Ma et al.
    Mouse genetic approaches show that multiple Wnt endothelial sources orchestrate the spatiotemporal distribution of hepatocyte functions during liver maturation and respecify metabolic zonation during liver repair.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Integrated analysis of H2A.Z isoforms function reveals a complex interplay in gene regulation

    Assala Lamaa et al.
    The two H2A.Z isoforms have specific interactors which mediate their differential effects on gene expression.

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